I. CONTEXT ANALYSIS
A Combination of Conflicts
Conflicts in Eastern Chad are traditionally fluid. Individual ambitions, rivalry between sedentary and nomadic groups and/or ethnic communities, the widespread circulation of small arms, the spill-over of the conflict in Darfur and the presence of Chadian and Sudanese rebel forces and militias all contribute to a tense environment. This is compounded by increased pressure on scarce natural resources.
The Government has acknowledged its lack of capacity to ensure the protection of civilians and humanitarian workers in eastern Chad. In the absence of effective administrative and military authorities, violations of international humanitarian law and of human rights law continue to be perpetrated, with internally displaced persons (IDPs), host communities, and refugees becoming targets in a climate of total impunity. Discussions on the deployment of a United Nations multidimensional presence to help restore security in eastern Chad are yet to yield concrete results. In this context, humanitarian workers often appear as the sole actors trying to cope with the situation.
Deterioration of the Humanitarian Situation in Eastern Chad
Military operations and intercommunity violence have resulted in a steady deterioration of the humanitarian situation. Humanitarian organisations estimate that 140,000 Chadians have been internally displaced over the past 18 months, mainly in the Dar Sila and Dar Assongha departments. While most IDPs are from Dadjo and Massalites origins, attacks on “Arab” communities have recently been on the rise and additional displacements could still happen before the rainy season, particularly in areas bordering Darfur. At this stage, prospects for the return of IDPs appear limited.
Security of Humanitarian Staff
The security environment remains extremely volatile with severe implications for the scope of relief operations. At present eastern Chad is in UN security Phase IV. Any further deterioration of the security situation could necessitate greater resources dedicated to security to enable the continued safe delivery of assistance.
IDPs Emergency Strategy
The present document has been drafted following extensive discussions among IDPs, administrative and traditional authorities, United Nations agencies, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in Abeche and in N'Djamena. Humanitarian partners agree that the situation in eastern Chad is unlikely to improve in the short term (before the end of 2007). There is also consensus that ongoing activities must be reinforced and that strategies should better define the modalities to adequately address: 1) the rapid and important increase in the number of IDPs; 2) the lack of prospects for IDPs to return to their place of origin in the short term and the need to provide assistance at displacement sites; 3) the risk of creating humanitarian dependency in the absence of sustainable solutions.
This strategy does not replace the Chad 2007 Consolidated Appeal (CAP) but rather builds upon it and complements it. Therefore, new and/or revised elements of the IDP response have been added where necessary in this strategy.
Finally, the strategy presented in this document seeks to address IDPs' most pressing needs. As requested by the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) during his mission to Chad, a longer-term and more sustainable strategy will be developed at a later stage. The CAP Mid-Year Review will offer a first opportunity to consider longer-term issues.
The Government of Chad is responsible for ensuring the security and protection of civilians on its territory, including IDPs. While local and regional authorities were consulted for the development of this strategy, efforts continue to gain a stronger engagement from authorities at the central level.
II. OBJECTIVES OF THE IDP STRATEGY
The objectives of the IDP strategy are:
- To address the most pressing needs of IDPs and host communities affected by the crisis in a coordinated and realistic way;
- To advocate for the search of sustainable solutions, including the return of IDPs to their place of origin and/or their integration with host communities.
Targeted groups. Assistance will be provided to IDPs and to host communities in areas where these two groups live close to each other. In addition, particular attention will be given to targeting vulnerable groups such as the Chadian Arab communities, which are often in great need of protection.
The IDP emergency strategy foresees (but is not limited to):
- A ninety-day plan that defines activities to be undertaken or achieved within the next three months. Financial requirements corresponding to the estimated cost of these activities are annexed;
- Increased advocacy for the protection of civilians;
- The preparation of a contingency plan to respond to sudden-onset emergencies (up to 30,000 additional IDPs);
- The implementation of more efficient coordination mechanisms based on the cluster approach in the field and in N'djamena.
a. Ninety-Day Plan
This Plan focuses on activities to be undertaken or achieved in the coming three months in the following sectors:
UN Heads of Sectors
|Water and Sanitation||
Projects have been prepared in a coordinated and inclusive manner by United Nations agencies and their partners. All projects can be implemented (though not necessarily completed) within 90 days. A timeframe is attached to each project. This takes into account the need to implement some activities prior the rainy season (June), in particular in the food security sector where seeds must be distributed in a timely manner. Respect of the agreed timeframes is subject to adequate humanitarian access. Details per sector are annexed.
* UNHCR's financial needs in the Protection and Shelter/NFIs sectors are taken from its appealed amount in the 2007 Chad CAP for Chad (project CHD-07/MS01). Some NGO projects related to the IDP situation whose funding is already secured or likely are not presented in detail here, but can be counted as part of this plan's requirements and funding at the mid-year review.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Summary of Requirements by Appealing Organisation
I. CONTEXT ANALYSIS
II. OBJECTIVES OF THE IDP STRATEGY
IV. SECTOR RESPONSE PLANS
2. WATER SANITATION AND HYGIENE
3. FOOD SECURITY
4. EMERGENCY SHELTER AND NON-FOOD ITEMS
ANNEX I. IDP EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE PROJECTS
ANNEX II. CONSOLIDATED APPEAL FOR CHAD 2007 (REVISED): SUMMARY OF REQUIREMENTS AND CONTRIBUTIONS BY APPEALING ORGANISATIONS (INCLUDING IDP EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE)
ANNEX III. CONSOLIDATED APPEAL FOR CHAD 2007 (REVISED): FULL LIST OF PROJECTS (INCLUDING IDP EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE PROJECTS)
ANNEX IV. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
Please note that appeals are revised regularly. The latest version of this document is available on http://www.humanitarianappeal.net.
Note: The full text of this appeal is available on-line in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format and may also be downloaded in zipped MS Word format.
Note: The full text of this appeal is available on-line in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format and may also be downloaded in zipped MS Word format.Adobe Acrobat Viewer (free)
For additional copies, please contact:
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- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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