- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The severe and large-scale malnutrition and food insecurity crisis in the west and the centre of Chad and the continuing but slow return of internally displaced people (IDPs) still require a major humanitarian response in 2011. More IDPs accessing humanitarian assistance in eastern Chad; outbreaks of cholera, polio and meningitis which threaten some three million people; the continued major presence of refugees in eastern and south-eastern Chad; and the prevalence of vulnerable households affected by previous disasters such as floods and droughts all together account for more than 3.8 million vulnerable people who continue to need protection and assistance due to these crises.
These new developments have made a slight upward revision of the 2011 CAP requirements necessary, notwithstanding the decreased funding request per beneficiary.
With the departure of the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT), the responsibility for security in eastern Chad is fully assumed by the Government of Chad with its various security forces: the Chadian Détachement Intégré de Sécurité (DIS), the mixed Chado-Sudanese force at the border between the two countries, the police and gendarmerie, the National and Nomadic Guard of Chad (GNNT) and the Chad National Army (ANT). Joint actions of security forces have significantly decreased banditry incidents in eastern Chad compared to previous years. This has improved access to beneficiaries in some areas and encouraged the return of IDPs in localities where the security has improved. The continued support of the international community to an overall security sector reform and the DIS remains paramount in providing safety and security services to humanitarian workers and consolidating and expanding humanitarian space.
However, there have been some security challenges in the southern part of the country, with banditry affecting both civilians and humanitarian workers. In addition, efforts towards the stabilization of the country may be compromised by the recent political events in neighbouring countries (Sudan and Cameroon) and the Arab uprising that has affected countries in North Africa. This may lead to political movements in other countries as well. These events may worsen the overall security in Chad, which has already seen a return of over 70,000 Chadians from Libya who will have to reintegrate into society.
In 2011, the strategic objectives of the humanitarian community will focus on the continuation of lifesaving assistance to people affected by crises (IDPs, refugees, returnees and local populations) while seeking the integration of durable solutions wherever possible. Transition from emergency assistance towards early recovery is a key concern for humanitarian actors especially in the light of the total lack of financial resources so far dedicated to early recovery interventions.
Strengthening the capacity of national actors and local communities to prevent, respond and manage the crisis situations and the humanitarian consequences remains an important strategic priority for humanitarian actors. Through the Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP), the humanitarian community supports the Government of Chad in its efforts to respond to emergencies. For example, this year, the Government disbursed 400 million CFA francs ($889,000)2 to fight the cholera epidemic.
As of 30 June 2011, the Chad Consolidated Appeal has received 46% of its required funding.
However, some sectors are largely underfunded. Health has only been 26% funded; water 18%, education 5%, and early recovery has received no funding. A balanced funding level among the different sectors of humanitarian action is essential to ensure durable solutions and acceptable living conditions for vulnerable communities.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.