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Chad: Population Movement DREF n° MDRTD012 Operations update n° 1

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Timeframe covered by this update::11.02.2014-10.05.2014

Summary: Armed conflict in Central African Republic has resulted into population movement into Chad. Chadian nationals living in Central African Republic have fled violence and crossed into the southern regions of Chad in large numbers since early January 2014. Chadian authorities are assisting in the repatriation of its nationals. According to figures released by the International Organization for Migration, a total 92,000 persons arrived as of 30 March 2014, out of which 12,000 are Central African Republic refugees increasing the number of refugees living in Chad to 90,052. A total of 26,246 persons have been supported to integrate into their areas of origins but 61,099 remain in transit sites in N’Djamena as well in the south of the country.

In early March, the Chadian authorities officially ended evacuations. As a result of this, the number of Chadian migrants, Central African Republic refugees and persons from other countries crossing the border into Chad has significantly decreased.

The Red Cross of Chad as an auxiliary to public authorities played a crucial role in reducing the vulnerability of returnees in the target areas. During the onset of the crisis, the National Society released non-food items and medical items from its emergency stockpiles and distributed to displaced persons. An assessment team was deployed to the field to carry out needs assessment and provide recommendations. Following assessment, DREF was allocated to support approximately 1,500 families in the area of Sarh and Sido through non-food items distribution and water and sanitation services.

This operation focused on provision of jerry cans, soaps, mosquito nets and buckets. This has enabled families who left everything behind them to acquire necessary household items. Volunteers were also trained on providing returnees with hygiene and health promotion messages.

The construction of water points and latrines is currently ongoing in the field. These activities have been delayed due to the decision from the authorities to relocate all returnees in the target areas in definitive sites on which water and accessibility to farming land are available.

This Operations Update provides a summary of what has been implemented to date, and request a timeframe extension for two months to finalize activities in the field. Due the increasing humanitarian needs in the field in terms of water, sanitation and shelter, further support from the IFRC may be requested if the situation deteriorates