Every year, Chad confronts the lean season (the period between harvests, between May and September). During these months, households have little or no food stocks and vulnerable people resort to negative coping strategies that are harmful for their health (reduction of number and quality of meals) and that are likely to undermine their fragile livelihoods, such as selling productive assets.
In 2018, Chad faced its worst lean season in six years. To prevent vulnerable communities from sliding deeper into food insecurity and malnutrition, the World Food Programme (WFP) and its partners delivered food and nutritional assistance between May/June and September in six provinces in the Sahel. WFP provided life-saving food and nutritional support to some 634,839 vulnerable Chadians on a monthly basis. 69,835 children and 35,893 pregnant and lactating women (PLWs) received nutritional support. Funding enabled WFP to secure 70%-level rations throughout the lean season in six out of the seven targeted provinces (Wadi Fira*, Guera, Barh el Gazel, Kanem, Lac and Batha). Only the province of Ouaddai could not be assisted, due to insufficient funding.
WFP provided in-kind food assistance in the provinces of Barh el Gazel, Lac, Kanem and Wadi Fira. In Guéra, beneficiaries received cash-based transfers, while in Batha, hybrid rations (cereal vouchers and in-kind rations of pulses and vegetable oil) were provided. In total, WFP distributed more than 24,400 MTs of food and USD 5.5 million. Transfer modalities responded to the availability of foods in local markets, the capacity to absorb the additional demand.