Chad faces three interconnected crises: food insecurity and malnutrition, population movements, and health emergencies. More than 5.3 million people, one person out of three, are in need of humanitarian assistance in the country. These humanitarian needs are caused by structural development challenges and chronic poverty which exacerbate the vulnerabilities of populations. Food insecurity will affect nearly 4.6 million people during the lean season (June-Sep.). Almost 2 million people are affected by health emergencies. More than 1.8 million suspected malaria cases, including 1.1 milion confirmed cases with 2,059 deaths were notified in 2019. In December 2019, Chad was hosting 443,000 refugees mainly from Sudan, the Central African Republic (CAR) and Nigeria. Since the beginning of the year and following recent intercommunal violence in Darfur, Chad has welcomed more than 13,500 new refugees (individuals pre-registered as of February 19th). Displacement linked to attacks by armed groups in the Lac province is recurrent and affects around 169,000 people. Chadian returnees from CAR and the countries bordering Lake Chad remain in a situation of great fragility and precarious living in host communities or in sites. In the North, the Government's ban on access to the gold mining zones in the Tibesti since 2019 has led thousands of gold miners to leave these zones and relocate to Faya, Zouarké and Zouar where access to basic social infrastructure is often limited. The state of emergency declared in August 2019 linked to intercommunal violence in the provinces of Sila, Ouaddaï and Tibesti, ended on 10 January.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.