Chad: Humanitarian Dashboard (As of 30 November 2016)
In 2016, the HRP estimates that 4.3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance of whom 1.5 million are targeted to receive assistance, which highlights the acute vulnerability in the country.
Chad continues to feel the impact of the Nigerian crisis in the Lac region as well as conflicts in neighboring countries (Libya, Sudan and CAR). The country hosts 391,745 refugees, including 311,470 Sudanese refugees who have been in the country for over 10 years, 70,310 refugees from CAR and 8,598 Nigerian refugees. The Lac region, affected by the Nigerian crisis, currently hosts 121,720 displaced people including 108,476 internally displaced, 12,920 Chadian returnees and 324 third country nationals. In addition, the country hosts 101,724 Chadian returnees from CAR settled mainly in the Southern regions and in N'Djamena, in several sites or host villages.
Food insecurity and malnutrition remain a chronic problem in the country, particularly in the Sahel belt. Food insecurity affects about 2.9 million people (21% of the total population), of whom approximatly 500,000 are severely food insecure (source: Harmonized Framework Nov 2016, current situation Nov-Dec 2016), to whom are also added refugees and returnees (not included in the Harmonized Framework). The nutrition situation is also of concern, with global acute malnutrition rates above 15% (emergency threshold) in 6 regions out of 23 and severe acute malnutrition rates above 2% (emergency threshold) in 11 regions.
The high prevalence of epidemic diseases such as cholera and measles, as well as malaria, combined with a weak health system, are causes of high morbidity and mortality among the population, especially among children under five. Chad ranks 185th according to the human development index (HDI 2015), with some of the most alarming social indicators (life expectancy of 51 years, maternal mortality rate of 860 deaths per 100,000 births, report EDS-MICS-2014-2015).