With a population of 14.5 million inhabitants (World Bank, 2017), Chad host 685 000 displaced persons (OCHA, 2017). Displaced individuals include 485 000 refugees, 105 000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 110 000 Chadian repatriates (or “returnees”) from conflicts in neighbouring countries. This population is in close interaction with the host community in urban settings and in the close vicinity of camps in rural or semi-rural areas. The host community is almost 734 000 persons (OCHA, 2016).
At national level, refugees come from Sudan (83 percent), the Central African Republic (15 percent) and Nigeria (2 percent). Together, displaced persons and host communities represent almost 10 percent of the national population. Three regions are mostly affected by the different regional crises: the eastern part by refugees from Sudan, the Lake Chad area by the Nigeria crisis and the southern part by the conflicts in the Central African Republic.
The multiple and protracted crises in the Central African Republic have led to massive population displacements in neighbouring countries including Chad. The South of Chad has experienced two main waves of displaced populations from the two most recent conflicts in the Central African Republic: the civil war following the accession of Francois Bozizé as head of state (2004–2007) and the civil war following the fighting between the Ex-Séléka rebel movement and anti-Balaka militias. The total population of the area around the city of Goré is composed of 40 918 autochthones (UNHCR, 2016), 31 797 refugees (UNHCR, 2017) and 19 920 repatriates (Douguengar, 2017). The autochthone population represents only 44 percent of the total population in the area. This influx of population has increased pressure on the environment due to the felling of trees for setting up the settlement and for meeting household woodfuel demand for cooking and heating.
Therefore, a rapid assessment was jointly initiated by FAO and UNHCR in May 2017 to assess the supply and demand of woodfuel resources in the area. This assessment includes four steps:
• an assessment of the woodfuel demand
• the realization of a small-scale forestry inventory
• the processing of satellite imagery for the area
• the identification of relevant inter-linkages, gaps, opportunities and alternative scenarios.
Data and information were obtained through a combination of desk review of existing documents, field surveys and remote sensing analysis. The objective of this study is to evaluate the availability of forest resources, their evolution throughout the period and the woodfuel consumption of the different population groups in order to propose concrete scenarios for improving the woodfuel demand and supply.