Chad

Chad Food Security Update, March 2009

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Situation Report
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- Ongoing harvests of cold off-season grain and truck crops and the temporary suspension of grain procurements by the National Food Security Agency (ONASA) to rebuild the national food security reserve this past February are strengthening food availability and food access across the country. Good market supplies have caused prices on all major grain markets to inch downwards.

- Right now, rural households in structurally deficit areas (Kanem and West Batha), flood-stricken areas in the South (Mayo Kebbi and Moyen Chari), and Eastern conflict areas (southern and eastern Ouaddaï) are moderately to highly food insecure. Millet prices have come down slightly, but are still running anywhere from 30 to 50 percent above the nominal five-year average. High prices are still curtailing food access, but the current dip in prices is a good opportunity to replenish existing food reserves in preparation for the upcoming hunger season.

- Conditions in pastoral areas are steadily deteriorating due to the scarcity of watering holes, thus limiting grazing areas to pastures along the banks of rivers and streams. Access to sorely needed animal feed supplements at this time of year is limited by the high cost of nitrogenous byproducts. The deterioration in terms of trade for sheep/millet since December of last year continued into February of this year, forcing pastoralists to sell off large numbers of animals to purchase needed feed supplements for the current prehunger season.