Chad is a low-income, land-locked country that suffers from chronic food insecurity due to the effects of regional conflict, frequent drought, lack of income-generating opportunities and limited access to social services. An estimated 4.7 million people in Chad require humanitarian assistance, according to the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan.
An estimated 500,000 refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) reside in Chad as a result of ongoing conflict in the region, primarily in the Central African Republic (CAR), Nigeria and Sudan. The influx of Chadian returnees from conflict-affected countries also strains local resources and contributes to increased food insecurity among vulnerable communities.
According to a recent food security report, approximately 320,000 people across the country are currently facing Crisis (Phase 3)* or worse levels of acute food insecurity and require emergency food assistance. By June through August, a period of the year when food in most scarce, this number is expected to increase to more than 890,000, including approximately 100,000 people facing Emergency (Phase 4) levels of acute food insecurity.
The USAID Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide emergency food and nutrition assistance to vulnerable, food-insecure Chadians and refugees from CAR, Nigeria and Sudan.
FFP provides in-kind food assistance through WFP to support general food distributions and supplementary feeding, and foodfor-assets programs. Natural resource management and crop-storage activities enable vulnerable communities to better withstand future shocks. FFP supplements in-kind food assistance with locally procured food, cash transfers for food and food vouchers, supporting local agricultural production and markets where possible.
With support from FFP, UNICEF provides ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat children with severe acute malnutrition.
UNICEF also collaborates with regional health authorities to improve malnutrition treatment services in Chad.