Chad: Floods & Cholera Emergency appeal n° MDRTD005 Operations update n° 1


Period covered by this Ops Update: 08 October to 23 0ctober, 2010;

Appeal target (current): CHF 1,283,953 (USD 1,269,732 or EUR 995,930)

Appeal coverage: 7%;

Appeal history:

- This Emergency Appeal was initially launched on 8 October, 2010 for CHF 1,283,953 (USD 1,269,732 or EUR 995,930) for six months to assist 6,335 beneficiaries.

- Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF 289,750 was initially allocated from the Federation's DREF to support the National Society to respond.

Summary: The torrential rains all over Chad experienced in early September caused flooding in ten regions including four districts located in the capital N'Djamena. The situation intensified on 17 December with rains that affected the already worsened situation. The flood caused severe damage leaving 22,266 families homeless. Approximately 7,830 hectares of farmland were destroyed. The situation was aggravated by a cholera outbreak that affected an estimated number of 1,730 people, with 92 deaths countrywide. The Red Cross of the Chad (RCC) with the support of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) carried out rapid assessments in the affected areas and registered 6,335 families that are desperately in need of relief and recovery assistance.

The DREF was used to provide relief and addressing the urgent needs of affected families. Despite the DREF allocation, relief activities were not implemented during the reporting period due the two months delay in the transportation of relief items in neighbouring Nigeria. In addition the low appeal coverage (7 percent) did not enable the implementation of the planned activities. In early October, the RCC distributed non food items (NFI) loaned by ICRC pending the positive response of the emergency appeal. The NFI composed of jerry cans; blankets and plastic sheeting were distributed to some 500 families in the region of Mayo Kebbi Est and Ouest. This region is considered to be the most affected by the disaster. Activities related to reducing the spread of cholera were only carried in the capital N'Djamena. The Red Cross volunteers distributed sanitation kits made available by UNICEF to districts with stagnant flooded water aimed at reducing the risk of water-borne diseases. Beside activities mentioned above no other activity was undertaken within the reporting period.