A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
In February 2014, there was an outbreak of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in Guinea, which has spread to Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone causing untold hardship and hundreds of deaths in these countries. As of 3 March 2015, a total of 23,694 cases, and 9,589 deaths, which were attributed to the EVD, had been recorded across the most affected countries of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), an outbreak of the EVD was also reported, but is considered of a different origin than that which has affected West Africa.
Following the confirmation of the EVD in neighbouring Nigeria, Chad which shares a border with this country stepped up preventive measures in the border including the cancellation of direct flight with Nigerian cities, and health control check points at the border were set up. Moreover, the Ministry of Health (MoH) initiated measures to prevent and prepare for an occurrence of the virus, which included:
Strengthening of epidemiological surveillance in the border areas with Nigeria.
Putting in place health check points at the airport and in border control check points.
Installation of tends to isolate affected persons.
Launch of radio campaign to raise awareness of EVD.
Nonetheless the border areas remained largely uncontrolled, with people moving in and out on a daily basis, presenting a very high risk of EVD spreading to Chad.