Chad

Chad - Drought and Civil Strife Nov 1984 UNDRO Situation Reports 1-12

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published


UNDRO 84/2315
CHAD - DROUGHT AND CIVIL STRIFE
UNDRO SITREP NO. 1
01 NOVEMBER 1984

BACKGROUND

1. UNDRO RECEIVED DETAILED REPORTS, BOTH FROM THE UNDRO/UNDP RESIDENT REPRESENTATIVE IN CHAD, OUTLINING THE CRITICAL AND DRAMATIC PROPORTIONS OF THE 1984 DROUGHT SITUATION WHICH IS AFFECTING THE WHOLE OF CHAD.

2. THE DROUGHT HAS BEEN DESCRIBED AS THE WORST RECORDED FOR THE LAST CENTURY. 2,000 PERSONS DIED FROM ACUTE MALNUTRITION THE LAST THREE MONTHS, WITH A POPULATION DISPLACEMENT (RECENTLY ESTIMATED AT 150,000) NOW PROGRESSING BEYOND THIS FIGURE. A LARGE PERCENTAGE OF THIS EXODUS IS CONCENTRATED IN THE AREA OF N'DJAMENA AND REPORTS OF INCREASING CIVIL UNREST RESULTING FROM THE EXPANDING FAMINE-AFFECTED POPULATION HAVE BEEN RECEIVED.

ACTION

3. AT THE REQUEST OF THE GOVERNMENT, UNDRO IS FIELDING A DELEGATE TO CHAD, TO LIAISE WITH UN SPECIALIZED AGENCIES AND NGO'S, AND TO ASSESS MOST URGENT NEEDS ON A PRIORITY BASIS. FAO/WFP MISSION IS PRESENTLY ASSESSING FOOD SITUATION.

PROGRAMMES

4. URGENT ATTENTION IS NOW BEING GIVEN TO THE FOLLOWING:

(A) RESETTLEMENT OF 15,000 DISPLACED PEOPLE CURRENTLY HEAVILY CONCENTRATED IN CAMPS WITHIN N'DJAMENA.

(B) SHIPMENT OF CEREAL CONSIGNMENTS ADDITIONAL TO FOOD COMMODITIES BEING PROVIDED BY WFP AND BILATERAL DONORS.

(C) INTENSIFICATION OF LEVEL NUTRITIONAL FEEDING AND DISTRIBUTION PROGRAMMES IN MOST SERIOUSLY AFFECTED AREAS OF COUNTRY.

(D) ADDITIONAL RECRUITMENT OF FIELD STAFF PERSONNEL, TO BE POSTED TO KEY AREAS TO MONITOR SHIPPING AND FORWARDING OF RELIEF TO APAR, DOUALA AND NGAOUNDERE.

5. UNDRO RECOGNIZES SERIOUSNESS OF SITUATION PREVAILING IN CHAD AND WILL CONTINUE TO REPORT ON IT.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148

UNDRO 84/2393

CHAD - DROUGHT AND CIVIL STRIFE
UNDRO SITREP NO. 2
09 NOVEMBER 1984

1. GENERAL

ON 2 NOVEMBER, THE SECRETARY-GENERAL REQUESTED UNDRO TO PROCEED WITH THE IMMEDIATE MOBILIZATION OF INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE TO HELP THE AUTHORITIES OF CHAD COPE WITH THE SERIOUS DROUGHT SITUATION.

2. FOOD REQUEST

A) WFP/FAO ASSESSMENT MISSION ENDED 1 NOVEMBER 1984. CONSIDERING COUNTRY'S MAXIMUM LOGISTICAL ABSORPTIVE CAPACITY, EMERGENCY FOOD AID REQUIREMENTS FOR 1985 ESTIMATED AT 100,000 MT COVERING TOTAL AFFECTED POPULATION OF 1,458,000 FOR 6-MONTH PERIOD IN SAHELIAN ZONE (948,000 PERSONS) AND 4-MONTH PERIOD IN SUDANIAN ZONE (510,000 PERSONS). 25,000 MT SHOULD BE SHIPPED IMMEDIATELY AND 75,000 MT NOT LATER THAN JULY 1985.

B) ALL MUTLI-BILATERAL EMERGENCY FOOD PLEDGES SHOULD BE ACCOMPANIED BY SUFFICIENT CASH FUNDS ESTIMATED AT US DLRS 120 PER MT. TOTAL FUNDS REQUIRED APPROX US DLRS 14 MILLION.

3. CHARI RIVER CROSSING

WHILE RECOGNISING VITAL IMPORTANCE SECOND SWEDISH PONTOON FERRY FOR FOOD AID DELIVERIES, WMO HYDROLOGIST ESTIMATES THAT CHARI RIVER WATER LEVEL WILL DROP SO LOW BY JANUARY 1985 THAT FERRIES WILL NOT BE ABLE TO OPERATE FULLY, THUS CAUSING HEAVY CONGESTION. EMERGENCY DIKE CAUSEWAY MAY HAVE TO BE CONSTRUCTED ACROSS THE RIVER.

4. DISTRIBUTION CENTRES

AS ALREADY SET UP IN ABECHE AND MONGO, 2 ADDITIONAL LOGISTICAL BASES SHOULD BE ESTABLISHED: MAO (KANEM) AND SARH (MOYEN-CHARI). COST: US DLRS 1 MILLION.

5. INTERNAL TRANSPORT

AN ADDITIONAL INPUT OF 10 BERLIET GLM 280-SIX WHEEL DRIVE TRUCKS (20-TON CAPACITY) IS REQUESTED FOR FOOD AID DISTRIBUTION IN DIFFICULT SAND DUNE SAHELIAN REGIONS OF KANEM, BATHA, BILTINE. COST: US DLRS 750,000.

6. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTION AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148

UNDRO 84/2481

CHAD - DROUGHT AND CIVIL STRIFE
UNDRO SITREP NO. 3
20 NOVEMBER 1984

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SITUATION

1. LAST INFORMATION RECEIVED FROM FAO/WFP IS THAT CEREAL PRODUCTION AVAILABLE FOR FOOD IN 1984/85 ESTIMATED AT 290,000 TONS, WHILE TOTAL REQUIREMENTS CALCULATED BASIS MINIMUM RATION ARE 615,000 TONS CEREALS AND 15,000 TONS SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD. NO MORE FOOD STOCKS AVAILABLE IN COUNTRY, AND REMAINING 25,000 TONS PLEDGED LAST YEAR NOT YET ARRIVED. TOTAL POPULATION NORTHERN PART COUNTRY AND LARGE PART OF THAT IN SOUTHERN AREA, APPROXIMATELY THREE MILLION PEOPLE, AFFECTED BY THIS SITUATION AND GREAT NUMBERS PEOPLE, ESPECIALLY FROM AREA OF ATI, MOVING TO LARGE CITIES.

2. FAO/WFP MISSION RECOMMENDS EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR PROVISION OF 6,000 TONS SEEDS, WATER-PUMPING EQUIPMENT AND ESTABLISMENT OF WATER POINTS.

CONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGE - APPEAL

3. UNDP/NY JUST APPROVED US DLRS 1,070,000 FOR CONSTRUCTION BAILEY-TYPE BRIDGE LINKING CHAD AND CAMEROON OVER LOGONE RIVER. COMPLETION OF BRIDGE WILL GREATLY AID TRANSPORT FOOD SUPPLIES TO CHAD. TOTAL COST THIS PROJECT ESTIMATED US DLRS 2,500,000. UNDP CONTRIBUTION FOR CONSTRUCTION OF PILLARS, ASSEMBLY OF ALL ELEMENTS FOR BRIDGE, AND TRANSPORT OF ELEMENTS DOUALA TO N'DJAMENA. REMAINING US DLRS 1,430,000 WILL BE FOR CONSTRUCTION ROADS AND BRIDGE ITSELF.

4. AT REQUEST GOVERNMENT OF CHAD, UNDRO/UNDP RESIDENT REPRESENTATIVE AND UNDP/NY, UNDRO ISSUING HEREWITH URGENT APPEAL TO OBTAIN US DLRS 1,430,000 REQUIRED TO COMPLETE THIS VITAL PROJECT.

5. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148

UNDRO 85/0017

CHAD - DROUGHT AND CIVIL STRIFE
SITUATION REPORT NO. 4
3 JANUARY 1985

GENERAL SITUATION

1. SAHELIAN AND SAHARIAN ZONES: SITUATION MOMENTARILY STABILISED THUS AVOIDING FURTHER DISPLACEMENT OF POPULATIONS. EVACUATION OF 'WALL OF N'DJAMENA' CAMPS UNDER WAY TO REINSTALL DISPLACED PERSONS ON AGRICULTURAL SITES. FOOD SUPPLIES HAVE BEEN DISTRIBUTED TO THE MOST NEEDY. NUMBER OF VICTIMS WILL HOWEVER RISE RAPIDLY IN THE COMING MONTHS AND MASSIVE DISPLACEMENTS CAN ONLY BE AVOIDED IF RAPID ACTION, BACKED BY MATERIAL GOODS AND LOGISTICS SUPPORT, IS UNDERTAKEN.

2. SOUTH OF THE COUNTRY: DIFFICULT TO ASSESS NUMBER OF VICTIMS OF DROUGHT AND STRIFE. FOOD SITUATION WILL PROBABLY WORSEN IN 3 OR 4 MONTHS. ROUTING OF AID IS PROBLEMATIC.

3. LE MINISTERE DE LA LUTTE CONTRE LES CALAMITES NATURELLES (MINISTRY FOR THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST NATURAL DISASTERS) HAS SET UP AN ACTION COMMITTEE ON EMERGENCY FOOD AID.

4. DISPLACED PERSONS:

PROVISIONAL COUNT OF 107,000 DISPLACED PERSONS, OF WHICH 68,200 STILL IN CAMPS AND 38,000 BEING REINSTALLED. NUMBER OF DISPLACED PERSONS IN SOUTHERN BELT OF BET NOT YET DETERMINED.

5. LOGISTICS:

IN GENERAL LOGISTICS SUPPORT IS ADEQUATE BUT SHOULD BE REINFORDED BY TAKING RAPID ACTION AS REQUIRED BY ARRIVALS AND REQUESTS FOR DISTRIBUTION.

6. REQUEST FOR AID FOR LOGISTICS SUPPORT AND REINSTALLATION PROJECT.

- TRUCKS AND MAINTENANCE FOR ONE YEAR, TOTAL COST OF OPERATION: 106,382 US DLRS.

- NEED TO COMPLETE RADIO NETWORK IN THE FIELD FOR COMMUNICATION WITH N'DJAMENA. TERRITORY ONLY PARTIALLY COVERED BY MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES AND THE LEAGUE. DETAILS FROM UNDRO OF 10 RADIO SETS.

- HYDRAULIC PROJECT (SEE PARA 8 OF THIS SITUATION REPORT)

- REINSTALLATION OF 75,000 DISPLACED PERSONS ON AGRICULTURAL SITES ENABLING THEM TO CULTIVATE AND PRODUCE THEIR OWN FOOD. TOTAL COST OF OPERATION ESTIMATED AT 2,405,620 US DLRS DIVIDED AS FOLLOWS:

- MATERIAL FOR REHABILITATION: 357,450
- AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT: 1,948,400
- SEEDS FOR MARKET GARDENING: 8,300
- EQUIPMENT FOR 414 CANTEENS: 91,470

7. CONSTRUCTION OF BAILEY BRIDGE LINKING CHAD AND CAMEROON OVER RIVER LOGONE: FOLLOWING THE APPEAL LAUNCHED BY UNDRO IN ITS SITUATION REPORT NO. 3 OF 21 NOVEMBER 1984, PARA 4, SWISS GOVERNMENT READY TO SECURE THE BALANCE OF FINANCING AFTER HAVING SENT ON SITE A TECHNICAL TEAM WHICH HAS PREPARED A CONSTRUCTION PLAN.

CONTRIBUTIONS (SINCE LAST SITUATION REPORT, 21 NOV 1984)

8. UN SYSTEM:
US DLRS
WFP
540 T MAIZE, SOYA, MILK, 560 T DRIED SKIMMED MILK, 360 T EDIBLE OIL, 54 T SUGAR, 10,000 T CORN
5,778,000
UNICEF
HYDRAULIC PROJECT: TOTAL COST 1,200,000 DLRS
RECEIVED: NETHERLANDS 600,000, FRANCE 180,000
STILL REQUIRED: 420,000 US DLRS
9. IGO:
EEC
7,000 T CORN, 9,000 T CORN, 1,760,000 ECUS FOR PURCHASE LOCAL PRODUCTS AND DISTRIBUTION COSTS
1,245,200
IN ADDITION TO A PREVIOUS CONTRIBUTION OF
905,600
10. GOVERNMENTS:
DENMARK
CASH TO UNDRO
30,000
GERMANY (F.R.)
3,000 T RICE BOUGHT IN CAMEROON PLUS 1,000 T RICE THROUGH CARITAS
(++)
ITALY
5,000 T RICE
5,789
JAPAN
5,000 T RICE
(++)
NORWAY
4 MILLION N.KR. FOR PURCHASE AND TRANSPORT GRAIN, WOOLLEN BLANKETS AND STOCKS
451,977
NETHERLANDS
1.8 MILLION KR: 1 MILLION FOR THE UNICEF PROGRAMME, 760,000 KR TO MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES (NETHERLANDS) FOR ADDITIONAL MOBILE TEAM (5 DOCTORS)
521,739
USAID THROUGH CARE
5,000 T SORGHUM
(++)
USAID THROUGH THE LEAGUE OF RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT SOCIETIES
2,500 MT MAIZE AND 2,500 MT CORN
(++)
11. NGO:
MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES (BELGIUM)
PROGRAMMES FOR FOLLOWING REGIONS: KANEM AND LAC, BATHA, BILTINE, OUADDAI, SALAMAT, QUERA, CHARI BAQUIRIMI AND WALL OF N'DJAMENA FINANCED BY:
EEC
176,900
NETHERLANDS: LOGISTICS AND MEDICINES
230,000
MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES
37,000
(++) VALUE NOT REPORTED TO UNDRO.
12. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH) OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148

UNDRO 85/0210

CHAD - DROUGHT AND CIVIL STRIFE
SITUATION REPORT NO. 5
28 JANUARY 1985

APPEAL

1. GOVERNMENT OF CHAD ASKS INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO ACCELERATE DISPATCH OF 85 FOOD EMERGENCY AID WHICH MUST ARRIVE BEFORE RAINY SEASON (JULY 85). ALSO, DISPATCH OF REMAINDER 84 AID OF 25,000 T PARTICULARLY URGENT.

SITUATION

2. SITUATION AT REGIONAL LEVEL CLOSELY MONITORED BY MOBILE TEAMS REPORTING TO N'DJAMENA.

3. GENERAL SITUATION CONTINUES TO WORSEN AND NUMBER OF PERSONS REQUIRING ASSISTANCE INCREASING. IN SAHELIAN ZONES:

- 94,500 DISPLACED PERSONS REGROUPED IN CAMPS
- 26,500 REINSTALLED
- 76,700 ASSISTED THROUGH FOOD FOR WORK PROJECTS

REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION: BILTINE: 37,800, OUADDAI: 19,300, KANEM: 27,200, BATHA: 44,290 (MOST CRITICAL SITUATION), GUERA 33,000, LAC: 6,800, SALAMAT: 27,200, BAGUIRMI: 24,300.

4. SECOND MISSION COMITE D'ACTION IN SOUTH OF COUNTRY WITH PARTICIPATION UNDRO DELEGATE REPORTS: NO RICE HARVEST AND OTHER HARVESTS GREATLY REDUCED DUE TO DROUGHT. LOW STOCKS WILL BE EXHAUSTED MARCH/APRIL. DISTRIBUTION OF ALL AID COMPLICATED BY WEAKNESS OF LOCAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND DIFFICULTY IN TRANSPORT OF STOCKS TO NEEDY ZONES.

5. BLANKET REQUIREMENTS MET. SURPLUS WILL BE STOCKED FOR DISTRIBUTION NEXT COLD SEASON.

6. TEMPORARY CROSSING OF RIVER LOGONE READY BY 10 FEB. PORT DOUALA SATURATED: TRANSPORT TO CHAD OF 7,100 T EEC WHEAT ARRIVED 25 DEC THEREFORE DELAYED. RAILWAY BOTTLENECKS SIGNALLED DOUALA TO N'GAOUNDERE LINE.

7. FOOD AID NEEDS: WFP REPORTS OUT OF NEEDS 84/85 CAMPAIGN OF 280,000 T, DONATIONS ANNOUNCED TOTAL 123,000 T OF WHICH 96,000 EXPECTED TO ARRIVE BY MAY 85. PORT OF APAPA SHOULD PREFERABLY BE USED.

CONTRIBUTIONS

8. GOVERNMENTS:

- GERMANY, FED REP:
- TRANSPORT RELIEF GOODS THROUGH GERMAN RED CROSS, DM 450,000 (US DLRS 145,161)

- ASSISTANCE TO DEUTSCHE WELTHUNGERHILFE FOR PURCHASE AND TRANSPORT 1,330 T SORGHUM FROM THAILAND, DM 1,349,950 (US DLRS 435,468)

- 500 TENTS, 10,000 BLANKETS BILATERALLY DM 366,000 (US DLRS 118,065)

- 218 TENTS, 10,000 BLANKETS BILATERALLY AFRO ACTION DM 125,000 (US DLRS 40,323)

- ITALY:
- A) 1,000 T PASTA, VALUE LIRA 7.5 BILLION (INCLUDING RICE ANNOUNCED IN SITREP 4) (US DLRS 3,906,250)

- B) MEDICINES AND LOGISTICS LIRA 2 BILLION (US DLRS 1,041,667)

- C) SANITARY TEAMS TO MOUSSORO (UNICEF APPEAL) LIRA 2 BILLION (US DLRS 1,302,033)

- CHINA: 1,500 T RICE

- SAUDI ARABIA: 950 T SUGAR, 1,200 T WHEATFLOUR, 1,100 T RICE

9. UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM

- WFP: EMERGENCY AID, 90 DAYS FOR 600,000 PEOPLE: 10,000 T SORGHUM, 8,600 T MILK, 3,100 T WHEATFLOUR. TOTAL COST: US DLRS 7,800,000

10. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148

UNDRO 85/0547

CHAD - DROUGHT AND CIVIL STRIFE
UNDRO SITREP NO. 6
10 MARCH 1985

1. INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

WFP ROME REPORTS THAT FOLLOWING FAO/WFP EVALUATION IN OCTOBER 84 OF CEREAL DEFICIT OF 330,000 MT AND FOOD AID NEED OF 115,000 MT FOR 84/85 CAMPAIGN, AID ANNOUNCED TO DATE COVERS INTERNAL LOGISTICS CAPACITY AND TOTALS 155,000 MT. 1985 CALENDAR OF ARRIVALS FOLLOWS:

FEBRUARY: 23,154
MARCH: 45,402
APRIL: 34,659
MAY: 12,220

2. CONTRIBUTIONS

UN SYSTEM
US DLRS
UNDRO
EMERGENCY GRANT FOR RADIO NETWORK AND FIELD OPERATIONS
30,000
FAO/WFP
ADDITIONAL CASH CONTRIBUTIONS FOR TRANSPORT AND STORING OF 33,400 MT FOOD PRODUCTS
2,569,798
IGO'S
EEC
TOTAL AID FOR CHAD DROUGHT ECU 32,830,000
21,339,500
GOVERNMENTS
GERMANY, F.R.
3,000 MT WHEAT THROUGH WFP
(++)
ADDITIONAL 1,330 MT WHEAT THROUGH WFP
(++)
NETHERLANDS
I) GOVT
RELIEF EXECUTED BY:
A) MSF - MEDICAL TEAM - ECU 319,444
223,610
B) UNICEF - FOOD - WATER - ECU 416,666
291,666
C) CEBEMO AND SECADEV FOR HOMELESS - ECU 230,034
161,023
FOOD AID 4,000 MT WITH TRANSPORT - ECU 2,182,539
1,527,776
NETHERLANDS
II) VARIOUS NGO'S
EMERGENCY AID - ECU 3,397,137
2,377,995
STRUCTURAL AID - ECU 436,905
305,833
SAUDI ARABIA
FOOD AID, WHEAT 908 MT, MAIZE 904 MT, OIL 1,350 MT
2,072,182
SWEDEN
FOOD/MEDICAMENTS THROUGH RADDA BARNEN/UNICEF SKR 750,000
79,787
NGO'S
OXFAM (U.K.)
FINANCING OF VARIOUS NGO'S PROGRAMMES PDS 58,730
63,976
3. TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS RECORDED AS OF 8 MARCH 1985 (US DLRS):

UN SYSTEM: 35,357,696
IGO'S: 21,339,500
GOVERNMENTS: 18,298,233
VOLONTARY AGENCIES: 2,798,010

TOTAL: 77,793,439

(++) VALUES NOT REPORTED TO UNDRO.

4. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTION AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148

UNDRO 85/0761

CHAD - DROUGHT AND CIVIL STRIFE
UNDRO SITREP NO. 7
3 APRIL 1985


FIRST PART

SITUATION

1. FOLLOWING DISPLACEMENT OF AFFECTED POPULATION TOWARDS SOUTH OF COUNTRY, NUMBER REPORTED BY MID-MARCH IN SAHEL REGION: 112,791 DISPLACED, 96,247 RESETTLED, 259,400 SETTLED ON PLACE OF ORIGIN. ESTIMATED NUMBER OF VICTIMS IN SAHEL 1,500,000 OF WHOM 468,438 ARE ASSISTED. 91,000 ASSISTED IN SOUTHERN REGION. MOST SERIOUSLY AFFECTED AREAS: BATHA (CAMP ATI) WITH 15,000 PEOPLE OUT OF WHICH ONLY 200 ABLE MEN, KANEM, BILTINE, OUADDAI, CHARI-BAGUIRMI AND MAYO KEBBI.

2. BASED ON PRELIMINARY INFORMATION, NUMBERS WILL INCREASE CONSIDERABLY IN SOUTH WHERE STOCKS ALMOST EXHAUSTED. SEVERAL CANTONS ALREADY SERIOUSLY HIT BY LACK OF FOOD ESPECIALLY NORTH TANDJILE WHERE RICE HARVEST LOST.

HEALTH

3. ACCORDING TO MSF AND USAID/CDC INFORMATION, HEALTH AND NUTRITIONAL SITUATION DETERIORATING. MINIMAL NEEDS FOR SURVIVAL 1,500 KILOCALORIES (FOR WORK 3,000 KC),WHEREAS RATION OF 400 GR CEREALS ENSURES 1,300 KC ONLY. IN SEVERAL AREAS RATIONS EVEN INFERIOR TO 400 GR DUE LATE ARRIVAL RELIEF GOODS IN CHAD. VITAMIN DEFICIENCY, SCORBUT, DIARRHEA AND RISK OF MEASLES AND TB EPIDEMICS OBSERVED. GENERAL UNDERNOURISHMENT AND BAD QUALITY WATER INCREASE VULNERABILITY. MISSION DIRECTOR OFFICE NATIONAL POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT RURAL/UNDRO, WHO RETURNED MID-MARCH, REPORTS THAT NUTRITIONAL SITUATION IN GUERA APPEARS CRITICAL WITH 50,000 DISPLACED PERSONS WITHOUT ASSISTANCE. MOBILE TEAM HAS BEEN SENT FOR EVALUATION.

4. CO-ORDINATION IN HEALTH SECTOR ENSURED BY COMITE ACTION SANITAIRE URGENCE (CASU) RESPONSIBLE FOR EVALUATION OF HEALTH NEEDS AND PLANNING OF RELIEF ASSISTANCE.

LOGISTICS

5. DISTRIBUTION PLAN MARCH FORESEES 9,000 T PLUS 1,000 T BALANCE FOR FEBRUARY. OUT OF THESE ONLY 3,000 T DELIVERED UNTIL 20 MARCH AS STOCKS EXHAUSTED. DISPATCH OF FOOD EMERGENCY AID MUST BE ACCELERATED BY ALL POSSIBLE MEANS. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM WFP OF ARRIVAL DATE ALL CONSIGNMENTS. WFP REPORTS SLIGHT PORT CONGESTION IN APAPA.

6. LOGONE RIVER CROSSING AT N'DJAMENA ASSURED SINCE 10 FEBRUARY BY CAUSEWAY WHICH ALLOWS DIRECT ACCESS FOR TRUCKS ARRIVING FROM CAMEROON AND NIGERIA VIA BRIDGE ACROSS CHARI RIVER.

7. INTERNAL TRANSPORT CAPACITY ESTIMATED AT MAXIMUM 8-10,000 T/MONTH COMPRISING FLEET OF TRUCKS FAO 3,500 T, UNDP/OPE 900 T, CARE 300 T, AND CHADIAN TRANSPORT CO-OPERATIVE 6,000 T, WHILE APPROXIMATELY 15,000 T WILL HAVE TO BE TRANSPORTED IN NEXT MONTHS. FOR BETTER CO-ORDINATION TRANSPORT, CENTRALIZED ADMINISTRATION ASSURED BY LOGISTICS COMMITTEE COMPRISING OSRO/FAO, OPE/UNDP, CTT, WFP, UNDRO.

8. MAJOR DIFFICULTIES CAUSED BY INSUFFICIENT NUMBER OF FIELD DELEGATES RESPONSIBLE FOR ORGANIZATION AND SUPERVISION OF LOCAL DISTRIBUTION. THESE TASKS OFTEN COVERED BY MSF TO DETRIMENT OF CURATIVE HEALTH CARE AND NUTRITIONAL SCREENING WHICH ARE ESSENTIAL FOR FOOD DISTRIBUTION ACCORDING TO LOCATION AND ACTUAL NEEDS OF AFFECTED POPULATION.

(SECOND PART FOLLOWS)

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148

UNDRO 85/0791

CHAD - DROUGHT AND CIVIL STRIFE
UNDRO SITREP NO. 7
4 APRIL 1985


SECOND PART

SITUATION

1. WFP REPORTS TWO VESSELS WITH 7,000 TONS FOOD AID DONATED BY WFP AND 9,000 TONS BY EEC KEPT WAITING FOR UNLOADING IN APAPA. OUT OF TOTAL 10,000 MT FOOD AID SCHEDULED FOR DISTRIBUTION IN MARCH ONLY 7,000 MT HAVE BEEN DISTRIBUTED DUE DELAY ARRIVAL SHIPMENTS VIA NIGERIA. SITUATION CAUSING SERIOUS CONCERN AS DOUALA/CAMEROON ROUTE DOES NOT HAVE CAPACITY FOR TRANSPORTING OVER 100,000 TONS OF FOOD PLEDGES NEEDED IN CHAD PRIOR TO RAINY SEASON.

PRIORITY NEEDS

2. AFTER GENEVA CONFERENCE ON EMERGENCY SITUATION IN AFRICA AND CHAD COUNTRY CONSULTATION 14 MARCH, FOLLOWING URGENT PRIORITY NEEDS STILL OUTSTANDING:

A) LOGISTICS.

- 8 TRUCKS 6/4, 9-12 TONS TO ENSURE EFFECTIVE REDISTRIBUTION OF FOOD AID AT CANTONAL LEVEL.

- 13 FIELD DELEGATES (UNV OR NGO) WITH LIGHT VEHICLES 4/4 TO ASSIST IN SECONDARY DISTRIBUTION OF AID, THROUGH FEEDING CENTRES.

- APPROXIMATELY US DLRS 7.8 MILLION FOR THE FINANCING OF INTERNAL TRANSPORT OF FOOD AID.

B) FOOD AID. WFP REPORTS URGENT NEED OF 8,000 MT DSM AND 8,000 MT EDIBLE OIL FOR DRY RATION DISTRIBUTION.

C) HEALTH.

- ASSISTANCE TO DISPLACED PERSONS INCLUDING PROVISION OF DRINKING WATER, SANITARY FACILITIES, FIGHTING EPIDEMICS, US DLRS 115,500

- 4 INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL TEAMS AND STRENGTHENING OF HEALTH FACILITIES MAINLY IN SOUTH, US DLRS 250,000.

- EXTENDED VACCINATION PROGRAMME FOR CHILDREN UP TO 4 YEARS. US DLRS 408,890.

D) HYDRAULIC. DANGER OF DRYING OUT OF VILLAGE WELLS AND LOWERING OF GROUND-WATER LEVEL (AVERAGE DEPTH 30 TO 40 METRES). REPAIR OF TRADITIONAL WELLS IS ESSENTIAL TO INCREASE QUANTITY/QUALITY OF WATER FOR POPULATION.

E) PURCHASE AND URGENT DELIVERY OF SEEDS FOR DESTITUTE FARMERS IN SAHELIAN AND SUDANIAN AREAS TO RELAUNCH AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION.

MILLET, SORGHUM, BERBERY
765 MT
GROUNDNUT
280 MT
RAINWATER PADDY
830 MT
IRRIGATED PADDY
320 MT
MAIZE
495 MT
WHEAT
80 MT
TOTAL
2,770 MT
CONTRIBUTIONS (REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE SITREP NO. 6, 10 MARCH 85)
3. GOVERNMENTS:
US DLRS
BELGIUM
2,000 MT WHEAT
(++)
CANADA
4 MILLION CAN.DLRS FOR FOOD SUPPLIES AND/OR TANSPORT
2,919,708
DENMARK
3,000 MT CEREALS
(++)
FINLAND
CASH FIM 650,000 THROUGH FINNISH RED CROSS FOR TRANSPORT OF FOOD, BLANKETS AND TENTS
77,519
FRANCE
1,000 MT MAIZE, 4,000 MT WHEAT FLOUR (PLUS AIRPLANE FOR TRANSPORT TO REMOTE AREAS)
(++)
GERMANY, FED. REP.
6,000 MT WHEAT, VALUE DM 4,100,050
1,223,896
ITALY
PUBLIC HEALTH PROJECT MASSENYA REGION IN CO-OPERATION WITH UNICEF
1,260,000
NATIONAL MEDICINE PROJECT
1,250,000
HEALTH EQUIPMENT AND MACHINERY UNIPAC FOR MUSSORO HOSPITAL
150,000
MOBILE SURGICAL UNIT AND LABORATORY, AMBULANCES (OF WHICH US DLRS 100,000 DONATED BY FIAT, ITALY)
300,000
MEDICINES
250,000
OPERATIONAL COSTS OF 4 MILITARY AIRCRAFT ORGANIZED TO AIRFREIGHT MATERIAL LISTED ABOVE
250,000
CONTINUATION TRUCK PROGRAMME FAO/OSRO/ITALY
1,200,000
USA
REHABILITATION OF 75 WELLS
250,000
EMERGENCY FOOD WITH TRANSPORT, 17,020 MT THROUGH WFP. (MAR 85)
11,034,000
EMERGENCY FOOD WITH TRANSPORT, 17,300 MT THROUGH WFP (IEFR). (MAR 85)
7,761,100
EMERGENCY FOOD WITH TRANSPORT, 7,500 MT THROUGH GOVERNMENT. (MAR 85)
4,268,800
EMERGENCY FOOD WITH TRANSPORT, 60,300 MT THROUGH GOVERNMENT. (MAR 85)
26,419,900
EMERGENCY FOOD WITH TRANSPORT, 4,850 MT THROUGH LRCS. (MAR 85)
2,673,000
(++) VALUE NOT REPORTED TO UNDRO
4. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148

UNDRO 85/0791A

CHAD - DROUGHT AND CIVIL STRIFE
UNDRO SITREP NO. 7
4 APRIL 1985

SECOND PART - CORRIGENDUM

PLEASE DELETE THE FOLLOWING DONOR CONTRIBUTIONS IN PARA 3, WHICH HAVE BEEN LISTED BY MISTAKE:

BELGIUM
2,000 MT WHEAT
(++)
USA
EMERGENCY FOOD WITH TRANSPORT, 60,300 MT THROUGH GOVERNMENT. (MAR 85)
26,419,900
EMERGENCY FOOD WITH TRANSPORT, 4,850 MT THROUGH LRCS. (MAR 85)
2,673,000
(++) VALUE NOT REPORTED TO UNDRO
ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148

UNDRO 85/1036

CHAD - DROUGHT AND CIVIL STRIFE
UNDRO SITREP NO. 8
8 MAY 1985

SITUATION

1. POPULATION MOVEMENTS CONTINUE TOWARDS FOOD DISTRIBUTION CENTRES IN SPITE OF REINSTALLATION EFFORTS LAUNCHED IN APRIL BY SECADEV, UNICEF AND CARE. IN SAHEL NUMBER OF DROUGHT VICTIMS UNCHANGED. HEALTH SITUATION GIVING CAUSE FOR CONCERN IN CAMP ATI WITH 30,000 PEOPLE. CENSUS IN PROGRESS TO RESETTLE DISPLACED PERSONS ON ORIGINAL SITES WITH DISTRIBUTION OF FOOD IN VILLAGES. ASSISTANCE DISTRIBUTED TO:

- DISPLACED PERSONS: 205,050
- RESETTLED PERSONS: 42,150
- OTHER DROUGHT VICTIMS: 518,200

2. DROUGHT PERSISTS IN SOUTH, PARTICULARLY IN TANDJILE. FOOD RESERVE NON-EXISTANT. SEEDS NOT DISTRIBUTED. WATER PROBLEMS UNSOLVED.

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

3. AT THE INVITATION OF CHADIAN AUTHORITIES, UNDRO CO-ORDINATOR VISITED N'DJAMENA FROM 26 TO 30 APRIL WHERE HE MET WITH THE HEAD OF STATE, MR. HISSEIN HABRE, ON 27 APRIL. SUBSEQUENTLY HE UNDERTOOK A MISSION TO ABECHE AND ATI, TALKED WITH LOCAL GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVES, AND VISITED SEVERAL PROJECTS. IN N'DJAMENA, HE HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO WITNESS PROGRESS OF CONSTRUCTION OF NEW BRIDGE ACROSS LOGONE RIVER, VISITED STORAGE FACILITIES AT CHAGOUA, FAO LOGISTICS BASE AND THE CO-ORDINATION CENTRE IN THE MINISTRY FOR DISASTER RELIEF CREATED BY UNDRO AND ASC IN 1982.

4. LRCS HAS LAUNCHED SUPPLEMENTARY EMERGENCY APPEAL FOR CHAD AMOUNTING TO SF 10,010,200. AN INCREASE IN FOOD AID IS FORESEEN TO ASSIST A TOTAL OF 360,000 PEOPLE THROUGH DISTRIBUTION CENTRES DURING PERIOD 1 MAY TO 30 SEPTEMBER 1985.

HEALTH

5. BEGINNING OF APRIL MSF SENT MISSIONS TO TANDJILE, MOYEN CHARI AND LOGONE ORIENTAL. NATIONAL HEALTH SYSTEM NO LONGER FUNCTIONAL DUE TO DESTRUCTION OF LOCAL STRUCTURES. REGROUPING AND REDEPLOYMENT OF NURSES AND DOCTORS IN LESS EXPOSED AREAS. MSF PROPOSES ASSIGNMENT OF REGIONAL MOBILE HEALTH TEAM IN MOYEN CHARI. PROJECT UNDER STUDY.

6. IN VIEW DELAY IN FOOD AID DELIVERIES MALNUTRITION PROGRESSING. MSF STATES PERCENTAGE OF CHILDREN WITH SEVERE MALNUTRITION BETWEEN 25 AND 35 IN FOLLOWING REGIONS: CHEDDRA (KANEM) 35, HARAZ DJOMBO (BATHA) 32, OUM HADJER (BATHA) 31, AMTIMAN (SALAMAT) 27, ATI (BATHA) 25.

LOGISTICS

7. DIFFICULTY IN UNLOADING FOOD AID AT THE PORTS OF NIGERIA: APAPA, PORT HARCOURT, CALABAR. REROUTING OF SHIPS TO DOUALA. DECISION TAKEN ON 16 APRIL 1985 TO INCREASE TRANSPORT CAPACITY FROM DOUALA TO N'GAOUNDERE FROM 10,000 TO 36,000 MT/MONTH BY MEANS OF UNINTERRUPTED DAY AND NIGHT SHIFTS PORT/RAIL AND ROTATION OF TWO BLOCK TRAINS PER DAY WITH 600 MT EACH TO N'GAOUNDERE. EFFORTS ALSO UNDERTAKEN TO INCREASE OFFTAKE BETWEEN N'GAOUNDERE AND N'DJAMENA WHICH CURRENTLY 18,000 MT PER MONTH THROUGH UTILIZATION OF ADDITIONAL TRUCKS.

8. ACTUAL STORAGE FACILITIES IN N'DJAMENA 30,000 MT, IN-COUNTRY CAPACITY LIMITED TO 20,000 MT OUT OF 100,000 MT EXPECTED IN THREE MONTHS. STORAGE DEFICIT OF 50,000 MT FORESEEN. POSSIBILITY OF INSTALLING PREFABRICATED SILOS STUDIED BY WFP. ESTIMATED COSTS: US DLRS 500,000.

9. FRAME FOR BRIDGE ACROSS LOGONE LEFT HAMBURG. ARRIVAL ON SITE SCHEDULED FOR MID-MAY, INSTALLATION END OF JUNE. COMPLETION CONSTRUCTION WORK FORESEEN END OF JULY.

10. RADIO NETWORK INSTALLED. COMMUNICATION ASSURED WITH BOL, MOUSSORO, ABECHE, MAO, N'GAOUNDERE, YAO AND OUM HADJER.

SEEDS

11. DISTRIBUTION OF SEEDS BEHIND SCHEDULE IN VIEW OF LATE RAINS AND NON-AVAILABILITY OF SEEDS ON THE EXTERNAL MARKETS. NEEDS RE-ESTIMATED FOR THE SAHELIAN ZONE: 3,500 MT. PURCHASED ON 4 APRIL: 1,785 MT. NEEDS FOR SUDANIAN ZONE: 2,500 MT. PURCHASED: 715 MT.

12. CONTRIBUTIONS: (SINCE LAST SITUATION REPORT 3 APRIL 1985)

UN SYSTEM
US DLRS
WFP
8,300 MT SORGHUM, 9,000 MT CSM, 2,700 MT EDIBLE OIL, 2,700 MT DSM, EXTERNAL TRANSPORT, MONITORING AND INTERNAL TRANSPORT SUBSIDY INCLUDED
14,857,900
UN GENEVA STAFF APPEAL
SF 24,000 FOR EMERGENCY AGRICULTURAL PROJECT
9,091
GOVERNMENTS
CANADA
CAN DLRS 760,600 FOR WAREHOUSE FACILITIES IN MOUNDOU
559,264
FRANCE
11 RENAULT BERLIET TRUCKS THROUGH WFP
450,000
NORWAY
N.KR. 1,500,000 FOR 70 MT BP-4 HIGH, PROTEIN BISCUITS THROUGH UNICEF
168,539
USA
ADDITIONAL CONTRIBUTION 5,000 MT FOOD AID WITH TRANSPORT, THROUGH CARE
3,588,800
ADDITIONAL CONTRIBUTION 5,000 MT FOOD AID WITH TRANSPORT, THROUGH LRCS
3,588,800
NON-GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES
ICCO (NETHERLANDS)
200 MT RICE SEEDS
(++)
SOS (FRANCE)
RELIEF GOODS
103,281
WORLD VISION INTERNATIONAL (USA)
STAFF, VEHICLES, RADIOS, AND RELIEF ITEMS
350,000
(++) VALUE NOT REPORTED TO UNDRO
TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS REPORTED TO UNDRO AS AT 7 MAY 1985:

- UN SYSTEM: 50,224,687
- INTER-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS: 22,290,770
- GOVERNMENTS: 70,404,308
- INTERNATIONAL VOLUNTARY AGENCIES: 350,000
- VOLUNTARY AGENCIES: 2,901,294

GRAND TOTAL: 146,171,059

13. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148

UNDRO 85/1250

CHAD - DROUGHT AND CIVIL STRIFE
UNDRO SITREP NO. 9
31 MAY 1985

GENERAL SITUATION

1. MOVEMENT OF POPULATIONS TOWARDS FOOD DISTRIBUTION CENTRES IS STABILIZING. ATI CAMP NOW BEING DISMANTLED. RESETTLEMENT OF DISPLACED PERSONS IN THEIR ORIGINAL VILLAGES AND DISTRIBUTION OF SEEDS ARE PLANNED WITHIN NEXT 15 DAYS, BEFORE START OF RAINY SEASON. ASSISTANCE IS BEING DISTRIBUTED TO:

- DISPLACED PERSONS: 252,514
- RESETTLED PERSONS: 42,150
- OTHER DROUGHT VICTIMS: 621,122

LOGISTICS

2. DISPATCH OF FOOD FROM N'GAOUNDERE CONTINUES AT MONTHLY RATE OF 20,000 TO 25,000 T. DECREASE EXPECTED DURING RAMADAN (20 MAY - 18 JUNE). IN MAY 2,000 T SENT DIRECTLY TO SOUTH.

3. DIFFICULTIES IN INTERNAL FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAMME: IN APRIL 9,200 T DISTRIBUTED OUT OF 14,000 T REQUIRED. IN MAY 7,500 T EXPECTED TO BE DISTRIBUTED OUT OF 15,800 T PLANNED FOR SAHEL. UP TO 22 MAY, 4,600 T DISTRIBUTED.

APPEAL

4. AS INTERNAL TRANSPORT COSTS OF FOOD NOT BEING FULLY MET BY DONORS, THERE IS RISK THAT DISTRIBUTION OF PART OF EXPECTED RELIEF SUPPLIES WILL NOT BE POSSIBLE. CONSEQUENTLY, AND FOLLOWING REQUEST FROM GOVERNMENT OF CHAD, UNDRO IS LAUNCHING URGENT APPEAL TO THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO COVER COSTS OF TRANSPORT AND DISTRIBUTION OF FOOD AID WITHIN THE COUNTRY WHICH WOULD AMOUNT TO US DLRS 6 MILLION FOR 1985 (50,000 T AT US DLRS 120 PER TON). THE SAME APPEAL WAS MADE BY WFP ON 21 MAY.

HEALTH

5. MEDICO-NUTRITIONAL SITUATION CAUSING CONCERN IN THE REGIONS OF OUADDAI, LAC, GUERA, CHARI BAGUERMI, WEST LOGONE. SOME CONCENTRATED AREAS OF MALNUTRITION IN MOYEN-CHARI AT GOUNDI, EAST LOGONE AT DOBA. IN SOME PLACES MORTALITY 5 TIMES HIGHER THAN NORMAL. FEEDING CENTRES NEEDED BUT NOT YET SET UP DUE TO LACK OF PERSONNEL AND INFRASTRUCTURE. MOBILE TEAM FROM MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES WILL LEAVE FOR MOYEN-CHARI BEGINNING JUNE TO EVALUATE MEDICO-NUTRITIONAL SITUATION, IDENTIFY VILLAGES AND AREAS AT RISK, ASSIST IN DISTRIBUTION EMERGENCY AID AND FOLLOW SANITARY SITUATION.

6. US TEAM OF 4 PUBLIC HEALTH ADVISERS AND MEDICAL NUTRITIONISTS ARRIVED N'DJAMENA TO MOBILIZE AND SUPERVISE IMMUNISATION PROGRAMME FOR ABOUT 40,000 CHILDREN (0-4 YEARS) IN KANEM AND LAC REGIONS.

7. LRCS REPORTS ITS TOTAL BUDGET FOR EMERGENCY AID IN CHAD FOR 1985 AMOUNTS TO FS 37,410,200. TO DATE LEAGUE HAS RECEIVED FS 31,433,065. UNMET NEEDS: FS 2,400,000 IN CASH AND FS 3,577,135 IN FOOD AID.

SEEDS

8. RAINY SEASON NOT YET STARTED. 1,000 T SEEDS DISTRIBUTED IN SAHELIAN REGION. 1,000 T DISTRIBUTED SUDANIAN REGION. 1,000 T IN STOCK OF WHICH 600 T AT N'DJAMENA AND 400 T IN VARIOUS DISTRICTS.

9. CONTRIBUTIONS: (REPORTED SINCE LAST SITREP, 7 MAY 85)

UN SYSTEM
US DLRS
WFP
15 M.A.N. TRUCKS WITH SPARE PARTS
750,000
UNICEF
NATIONAL COMMITTEES OF FRG, DM 300,000, BELGIUM, BF 10,000,000 AND FRANCE, FF 2,000,000
468,590
APPEAL BY STAFF OF UNITED NATIONS AT GENEVA
FS 28,000 FOR PURCHASE OF SEEDS FOR MARKET GARDENING
10,606
GOVERNMENTS
FRG
DM 180,000 FOR TRANSPORT OF EMERGENCY AID
58,064
SWITZERLAND
SEEDS FOR LOCAL DISTRIBUTION, INCLUDING INTERNAL TRANSPORT COST, TOTAL VALUE FS 500,000
189,394
USA
18 MERCEDES TRUCKS WITH SPARE PARTS, THROUGH WFP
1,400,000
MEDICAL IMMUNIZATION TEAM
(++)
NGOS
CARDINAL LEGER AND HIS WORKS (CANADA)
CASH
152,000
(++) VALUE NOT REPORTED TO UNDRO.
10. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (UNDR 28148 CH) OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148

UNDRO 85/1621

CHAD - DROUGHT AND CIVIL STRIFE
UNDRO SITREP NO. 10
19 JULY 1985

THIS SITUATION REPORT IS PREPARED IN CONSULTATION WITH OEOA.

GENERAL SITUATION

1. RAINY SEASON STARTED. RAINFALL RECORDED SINCE 1 JULY 1985 ABOVE THAT REGISTERED DURING SAME PERIOD 1984 FOR THE WHOLE COUNTRY AND ABOVE NORMAL RECORDED OVER LAST 30 YEARS.

2. RAINFALL ENCOURAGES RETURN OF ABLE BODIED POPULATION. CAMP ATI DISMANTLED WITH TRANSFER OF PEOPLE TO THEIR VILLAGES OF ORIGIN OR INTEGRATION INTO RESETTLEMENT PROJECTS. GROUP OF SEVEN HUNDRED PEOPLE ARE REQUESTING N'DJAMENA AUTHORITIES TO ARRANGE FOR THEIR REPATRIATION TO BATHA AND GUERA REGIONS.

3. RAINS SERIOUSLY DETERIORATING ROAD NETWORK DELAYING DISTRIBUTION OF FOOD AID AND SEEDS. SALAMAT, GUERA AND OUADDAI PROVINCES PRESENTLY INACCESSIBLE FOR TRUCK CONVOYS. IN BONGOR (MAYO KEBBI) BRIDGE OVER LOGONE DESTROYED.

4. EVALUATION MISSION MSF/UNDRO MID-JUNE TO MOYEN CHARI AS WELL AS OTHER MISSIONS (LRCS, OXFFAM, WFP, WORLD VISION) CONFIRM ALARMING MEDICAL/NUTRITIONAL SITUATION IN SOUTHERN PROVINCES. HIGH DEGREE OF MALNUTRITION AMONG CHILDREN (25-35 PERCENT) AND 64 PERCENT ANOEMIC CHILDREN IN SEVERAL AREAS. IMPLEMENTATION OF EMERGENCY PROGRAMME DIFFICULT DUE TO DELAYS IN DELIVERY OF FOOD AID TO AFFECTED REGIONS, BY LACK OF OPERATIONAL (EXECUTING) AGENCIES AND LOCAL STRUCTURES FOR DISTRIBUTION OF FOOD, AND BY ONSET OF RAINS.

ASSISTANCE PROGRAMME FOR THE SOUTH

5. ACTION COMMITTEE OF MINISTRY FOR DISASTER RELIEF HAS APPOINTED UNDRO JOINTLY WITH BELACD (LOCAL BODY LINKED TO CARITAS) TO CO-ORDINATE ALL EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO PROVINCES LOGONE OCCIDENTAL, LOGONE ORIENTAL, TANDJILE, MOYEN CHARI AND MAYO KEBBI.

6. RELIEF OPERATIONS IN THE SOUTH SPEEDED UP AS OF MID-JUNE. SEVERAL NGO REGIONAL MOBILE TEAMS ALREADY OPERATINAL: MSF (WITH UNDRO FINANCIAL SUPPORT), WORLD VISION, LRCS, AND BELACD CATHOLIC MISSIONS LOCALLY REPRESENTED. DESPATCH OF FOOD AID ACCELERATED AND DISTRIBUTION UNDERWAY TO PROVIDE THE 7,660 MT NEEDED FOR THE ENTIRE SOUTHERN REGION UP TO END OF JULY. TEN FEEDING CENTRES AND ONE RECOVERY CENTER OPENED IN MOYEN CHARI. FUNDS TO COVER INTERNAL TRANSPORT COSTS OF 5,000 MT FOR SOUTH HAVE BEEN RAISED. TWO MERCEDES 9-T TRUCKS BELACD/UNDRO WILL ENSURE SECONDARY DISTRIBUTION OF FOOD AID IN SARH REGION.

LOGISTICS

7. DESPATCH OF FOOD AID FROM DOUALA/N'GAOUNDERE TO N'DJAMENA SLOWED DOWN DUE TO LOGONE AND CHARI IN SPATE AND INCREASED DELIVERIES TO THE SOUTH FROM N'GAOUNDERE. SINCE EARLY JULY, PROVISIONAL CAUSEWAY ACROSS LOGONE NO LONGER SERVICEABLE. TRANSPORT OF FOOD AID PROVIDED BY TWO PONTOON FERRIES ACROSS CHARI WITH TOTAL CAPACITY OF APPROX. 600 MT PER DAY. TECHNICAL INAUGURATION OF CONSTRUCTION OF LOGONE BRIDGE BY CHADIAN AND CAMEROONIAN AUTHORITIES SCHEDULED FOR 30 JULY 1985.

8. ENORMOUS INTERNAL TRANSPORT PROBLEMS INCREASED BY LACK OF TRUCKS AND HEAVY RAINFALL. IN JUNE, 5,650 MT OF FOOD AID DISTRIBUTED OUT OF 8,850 MT OF NEEDS EXPRESSED FOR SAHELIAN ZONE.

9. US DLRS 3.6 MILLION STILL REQUIRED FOR INTERNAL TRANSPORT OF 30,000 MT OF FOOD AID OUT OF US DLRS 6 MILLION FOR WHICH UNDRO LAUNCHED APPEAL IN SITREP 9 OF 31 MAY.

HEALTH

10. GRAVE RISK OF DETERIORATION OF MEDICAL/NUTRITIONAL SITUATION IN ALL AREAS MADE INACCESSIBLE BY RAINS. PREPOSITIONING OF FOOD IN AFFECTED PROVINCES INSUFFICIENT TO ENSURE ADEQUATE SUPPLY TO POPULATION. HEALTH MINISTRY AND OTHER CONCERNED BODIES HAVE ESTABLISHED SUB-COMMISSION TO STUDY RISK OF EPIDEMICS AND CREATION OF REGIONAL STOCKS OF ANTI-MENINGITIS AND ANTI-MEASLES MEDICINES.

11. A STANDARD METHOD OF EVALUATION OF MEDICAL/NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF POPULATION AT RISK CURRENTLY BEING DEVELOPED UNDER SUPERVISION PUBLIC HEALTH MINISTRY WITH ACTIVE PARTICIPATION OF NUTRITION EXPERTS OF SPECIALIZED ORGANIZATIONS (MSF, LRCS, USAID, COOPERATION FRANCAISE, WORLD VISION, UNICEF). IT WILL BE APPLIED TO ENTIRE COUNTRY AND WILL ENSURE MORE SCIENTIFIC AND DETAILED EVALUATION OF NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES PERIODICALLY IDENTIFIED BY REGIONAL MOBILE TEAMS IN THE FIELD.

ADDITIONAL CONTRIBUTIONS (REPORTED SINCE LAST SITREP, 31 MAY 85)

12. UN SYSTEM
US DLRS
IBRD
15 M.A.N. 20 T TRUCKS THROUGH WFP
750,000
WFP
9 TENTS FOR STORAGE OF FOOD AID WITH TRANSPORT (PARTIAL CONTRIBUTION FROM NORWEGIAN GOVERNMENT)
135,000
UNICEF
NATIONAL COMMITTEES:
BELGIUM: US DLRS 45,455
CANADA: US DLRS 182,481
UK: US DLRS 43,572
ITALY: LIRES 88,742,000
315,223
13. IGOS
EEC
2,000 TONS VEGETABLE OIL, 400 TONS DSM, 500 TONS SUGAR
TOTAL VALUE: 5 MILLION ECUS
3,719,250
14. GOVERNMENTS
AUSTRALIA
CASH CONTRIBUTION FOR UNICEF EMERGENCY PROGRAMME
38,271
FRG
10,000 BLANKETS AND MATERIAL FOR 1,000 TENTS. VALUE DM 147,000
47,419
21 M.A.N. 5T TRUCKS, VALUE DM 500,000
161,290
ITALY
FOR UNICEF EMERGENCY PROGRAMME
100,000
JAPAN
CASH CONTRIBUTION THROUGH UNDRO FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF
10,000
NETHERLANDS
200 T RICE, 200 T PORRIDGE OATS THROUGH CEBEMO, VALUE FL 1,387,000
396,286
FL 634,804
181,373
125.5 T RICE SEEDS WITH TRANSPORT IN COLLABORATION WITH FAO, VALUE FL 250,000
71,429
USA
TRUCK HIRE FOR INTERNAL TRANSPORT THROUGH WFP
200,000
INTERNAL TRANSPORT FUNDING THROUGH CARE AND LRCS
1,056,000
15. NGOS
AGRO ACTION (FRG)
2 MERCEDES L2624 TRUCKS (20T) WITH TRANSPORT VALUE DM 360,000
116,129
1 MERCEDES TRUCK WITH GARAGE AND CASH RESERVE FOR SPARE PARTS, VALUE DM 511,000
164,839
CARITAS BELGIUM
CASH CONTRIBUTION
2,370
CARITAS SWITZERLAND
S.FR 100,000 FOR INTERNAL TRANSPORTS COSTS THROUGH UNDRO
38,540
CAFOD (UK)
CASH CONTRIBUTION
13,920
OXFAM
PDS.STERLING 20,000 FOR INTERNAL TRANSPORT
25,000
WORLD VISION
CFA 70 MILLION FOR INTERNAL TRANSPORT
144,928
16. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148

UNDRO 85/1846

CHAD - DROUGHT AND CIVILSTRIFE
SITUATION REPORT NO. 11
22 AUGUST 1985

THIS SITUATION REPORT IS ISSUED IN CONSULTATION WITH OEOA.

GENERAL SITUATION

1. RAINY SEASON PROGRESSING WELL. GOOD CONDITIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF CROPS IN ALL AGRICULTURAL ZONES. GOOD HARVEST FORECASTS, PROVIDED FAVOURABLE RAINFALL CONTINUES. NEVERTHELESS, IN VIEW SEED SHORTAGES CERTAIN REGIONS, AND PART OF DISPLACED POPULATIONS NOT HAVING CULTIVATED, NUTRITIONAL PROBLEMS WILL PERSIST IN SOME AREAS.

2. NUMBER OF DROUGHT VICTIMS IN SUDANIAN AND SAHELIAN ZONE APPROXIMATELY 1.5 MILLION INCLUDING 500,000 DISPLACED AND 45,000 RESETTLED PERSONS. RETURN OF DISPLACED POPULATION TOWARDS THEIR VILLAGES OF ORIGIN CONTINUES IN VIEW OF FAVOURABLE RAINFALL CONDITIONS. 4,000 DISPLACED PEOPLE IN N'DJAMENA REQUESTING ASSISTANCE FOR THEIR RETURN TO ATI AND OUM HADJER (BATHA).

FOOD AID

3. TOTAL ARRIVALS IN JULY 18,220 MT OF WHICH 4,140 MT IN N'DJAMENA THROUGH CAMEROUN, 7,080 MT IN N'DJAMENA THROUGH NIGERIA, AND 7,000 MT IN N'GAOUNDERE FOR TRANSPORT TO THE SOUTH. ACCORDING TO WFP, TOTAL FOOD ASSISTANCE RECEIVED IN CHAD DURING PERIOD 1 NOVEMBER 1984 TO 20 AUGUST 1985 AMOUNTS TO 146,300 MT OF CEREALS AND 15,500 MT OF OTHER FOOD AID (EDIBLE OIL, MILK, SUGAR, CSM). PLEDGES ANNOUNCED BY DONORS FOR PERIOD 1 NOVEMBER 1984 TO 31 OCTOBER 1985: 202,800 MT CEREALS AND 25,000 MT NON CEREALS. WHEREAS CEREAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SAME PERIOD ESTIMATED BY FAO AT 280,000 MT PLEDGES ANNOUNCED CORRESPOND TO MAXIMUM QUANTITY WHICH CAN BE DELIVERED TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION LOGISTICAL CONSTRAINTS.

4. FOOD DISTRIBUTION IN JULY 12,538 T INCLUDING EMERGENCY PLANS WFP, CARE, GERMAN AGRO ACTION, LRCS, DISTRIBUTION MLCCN, AND SALES OF NATIONAL CEREALS OFFICE. CLOSE TO 1.5 MILLION PEOPLE HAVE BEEN ASSISTED. 30 PERCENT OF TOTAL DISTRIBUTION CARRIED OUT THROUGH FOOD FOR WORK COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT SCHEMES. FROM 1 NOVEMBER 1984 TO 31 JULY 1985, 79,700 MT EMERGENCY FOOD AID DISTRIBUTED TO DROUGHT AND CIVIL STRIFE VICTIMS.

LOGISTICS

5. FOOD TRANSPORT IN SAHELIAN ZONE COMPLICATED BY BAD ROAD CONDITIONS FOLLOWING ABUNDANT RAINFALL. TRUCK DRIVERS LOOKING FOR NEW TRANSIT ROADS LESS DAMAGING FOR VEHICLES. LOCAL DISTRIBUTION CARRIED OUT PARTLY FROM STOCKS COMPILED DURING DRY SEASON.

6. OF 7,000 MT SENT IN JULY FROM N'GAOUNDERE TO THE SOUTH, ONLY 2,888 MT ARRIVED BY 24 JULY. PERSISTANT DELAY IN FOOD AID DELIVERIES DUE TO HEAVY RAINFALL, AND CUTTING OFF MAIN ROAD FOR FOOD TRANSPORT INTO THE SOUTH. AT LERE (MAYO KEBBI), 30 KM FROM BORDER WITH CAMEROON, BRIDGE ACROSS MAYO KEBBI NO LONGER OPERATIONAL, AND CAUSEWAY DESTROYED BY FLOODS. RIVER CROSSING PROVIDED BY FERRY WITH INSUFFICIENT CAPACITY BREAKING DOWN FREQUENTLY. NEW OUTBOARD MOTOR BEING TRANSPORTED TO LERE. PROVISIONAL CAUSEWAY UNDER CONSTRUCTION AND TRANSFER OF SWEDISH FERRY FROM N'DJAMENA TO LERE.

7. BRIDGE ACROSS LOGONE RIVER FOR WHICH UNDRO LAUNCHED APPEAL IN SITREP NO. 3 OF 20 NOVEMBER 1984 OPERATIONAL SINCE 31 JULY. ACCESS ROADS SCHEDULED FOR COMPLETION IN OCTOBER.

HEALTH

8. WITH DRY RATION DISTRIBUTION AND SUPPLEMENTARY FEEDING FOR VULNERABLE GROUPS, RATES OF MALNUTRITION HAVE STABILIZED AND EVEN DIMINISHED IN THE SAHELIAN ZONE. AVERAGE MALNUTRITION BETWEEN 10 AND 15 PERCENT EXCEPT CERTAIN GROUPS: DISPLACED PEOPLE IN ABECHE (OUADDAI) 25 TO 30 PERCENT, DISPLACED PEOPLE IN ATI (BATHA) 47, IN DJEDDA (BATHA) 37, AND IN BOUSSO (CHARI BAGUIRMI) 15,000 DISPLACED PEOPLE FROM TANDJILE, 20 TO 25. MALNUTRITION PROGRESSING IN THE SOUTH AT GOUNOU GAYA (MAYO KEBBI) AND IN SUB PREFECTURE KOUMRA (MOYEN CHARI) AT GOUNDI, N'DERGUIGUI, AND MOUROUNGOULAYE. EVALUATION MISSIONS UNDER WAY AS OF 10 AUGUST IN ACCESSIBLE AREAS IN TANDJILE, LOGONE OCCIDENTAL AND ORIENTAL WITH UNDRO, MSF, LRCS, OXFAM, WORLD VISION PARTICIPATION. AIRLIFTING OF 4X4 TRUCKS BADLY NEEDED FOR SECONDARY DISTRIBUTION AT CANTONAL LEVEL BEING CONSIDERED.

FLOODS IN AM-TIMAN

9. SITUATION STABILIZED. POPULATION AT RISK EVACUATED TO PROTECTED SITES. 17 PEOPLE REPORTED DEAD BUT LIKELIHOOD GREATER NUMBER OF VICTIMS IN ISOLATED AREAS 200 KM ALONG THE RIVER BAHR AZOUM. 120 TENTS, 500 BLANKETS, 5,000 JUTE SACKS, 100 WHEEL-BARROWS, AND 14 MT OF SMALL MATERIAL DELIVERED BY PLANE. RELIEF PROVIDED BY MSF, LRCS, GERMAN AGRO ACTION, AND AICF. PROMPT EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE HAS PERMITTED TO AVOID FURTHER DAMAGE AND ADDITIONAL NUMBER OF VICTIMS. PREVENTATIVE MEASURES BEING UNDERTAKEN IN VIEW OF RISK OF RISING WATERS UNTIL END SEPTEMBER.

UNMET NEEDS

10. 3.6 MILLION US DLRS STILL NEEDED TO COVER INTERNAL TRANSPORT/DISTRIBUTION COSTS OF 30,000 MT OF FOOD AID. UNDRO REPEATS URGENT APPEAL TO DONORS FOR PROVISION OF THESE FUNDS.

- 150 MT BERBERY SEEDS FOR CULTIVATION AT END OF RAINY SEASON. ESTIMATED COSTS US DLRS 150,000.

- US DLRS 25,000 FOR TRANSPORT OF DISPLACED PERSONS FROM N'DJAMENA TO BATHA.

SUPPLEMENTARY CONTRIBUTIONS: (ANNOUNCED SINCE LAST SITREP NO. 10, 19 JULY 1985)

11. UN SYSTEM
US DLRS
UNDP/OPE
16 TRUCKS RENAULT GBH
600,000
12. INTER-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
EEC
1,500,000 ECUS THROUGH MSF FOR ROAD/AIR TRANSPORT AND MSF MOBILE TEAMS
1,185,600
13. GOVERNMENTS
CANADA
CDN.DLRS 7,000 THROUGH UNDRO FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF AM-TIMAN
5,147
ITALY
UNICEF VACCINATION PROGRAMME
3,000,000
NETHERLANDS
THROUGH UNDRO FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF AM-TIMAN
25,000
SWITZERLAND
5 MILLION FCFA THROUGH UNDRO FOR CONNECTION OF GROUP OF GENERATORS TO CENTRAL HOSPITAL N'DJAMENA
10,351
UK
CASH THROUGH UNDRO
10,000
14. NGO
CAFOD/UK
MERCEDES TRUCK LK/911/B FOR FOOD TRANSPORT TO THE SOUTH
(++)
CARITAS INTERNATIONALIS
CARITAS BELGIUM FB 150,000
2,419
CARITAS GERMANY DM 50,000
16,129
CARITAS ITALY LIRE 40 MILLION
19,704
CARITAS NETHERLANDS DFL 50,000
14,286
MISEREOR
MERCEDES TRUCK LA/1113/45 FOR FOOD TRANSPORT TO THE SOUTH
(++)
LRCS: RED CROSS SOCIETIES:
JAPAN SFR 106,000
KOREA 196,840
NETHERLANDS 37,337
NORWAY 173,280
SPAIN 4,920
SWITZERLAND/SWISS GOVERNMENT 500,000
TOTAL: 1,018,377
385,748
(++) VALUE NOT REPORTED TO UNDRO.
14. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148

UNDRO 85/2218

CHAD - DROUGHT AND CIVIL STRIFE
SITUATION REPORT NO. 12
9 OCTOBER 1985

THIS SITUATION REPORT IS ISSUED IN CONSULTATION WITH OEOA.

GENERAL SITUATION

1. RAINFALL REGISTERED UNTIL MID-SEPTEMBER 1985 BELOW NORMAL RECORDED IN 1983, BUT LARGELY EXCEEDING RAINFALL IN 1984. SORGHUM BEING HARVESTED IN SOUTHERN SAHELIAN ZONE. HARVEST OF MILLET STARTING IN SAHEL. LAKES AND RIVERS ARE RISING TO LEVELS REPORTED PRIOR TO DROUGHT.

2. ABUNDANCE OF WATER AND PASTURES ALLOWS DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES. NO PARASITIC DISEASES REPORTED. NOMADS RETURNING TO THEIR HOME VILLAGES. DROUGHT AFFECTED POPULATION STILL ESTIMATED 1,5 MILLION INCLUDING 500,000 DISPLACED PERSONS, BUT NUMBERS DECREASING.

NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

AGRICULTURE:

3. 4,982 MT OF SEEDS DISTRIBUTED FOR AGRICULTURAL CAMPAIGN IN SAHELIAN AND SUDANIAN ZONE. BEREBERE AND WHEAT SEEDS CURRENTLY BEING PURCHASED. ACCORDING PRELIMINARY ESTIMATE OF FAO/CILSS MISSION 9-23 SEPTEMBER, CEREAL PRODUCTION 1985/86 WILL REACH 600,000 OR 650,000 MT DEPENDING ON RAINFALL END SEPTEMBER/BEGINNING OCTOBER.

FOOD AID:

4. CEREAL FOOD AID DELIVERY/DISTRIBUTION AS AT 1 OCTOBER 1985:

- PLEDGED BY DONORS: 210,000 MT (FOR PERIOD 1 NOVEMBER 1984 TO 31 OCTOBER 1985)

- DELIVERED IN COUNTRY: 168,000 MT

- STILL EXPECTED: 42,000 MT

- DISTRIBUTED (EMERGENCY PROGRAMMES AND FOOD FOR WORK): 105,000 MT

5. DUE TO DELAYED ARRIVAL OF FOOD, DISTRIBUTION PROGRAMMES COINCIDE WITH SELLING OF FIRST HARVEST PRODUCTS ON MARKETS. APPROPRIATE MEASURES UNDER STUDY TO REDUCE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF FOOD AID ON LOCAL ECONOMY.

LOGISTICS:

6. FOLLOWING INSTALLATION OF SUPPLEMENTARY FERRY IN LERE, TRANSPORT OF FOOD AID TO THE SOUTH PROGRESSING NORMALLY. ASSOCIATION UNDRO-BELACD ASSURES DISTRIBUTION IN AREAS WHICH WERE RECENTLY STILL INACCESSIBLE. TEN MAN TRUCKS PROVIDED BY UNDP/OPE STRENGTHENING SECONDARY TRANSPORT SOUTHERN REGION.

7. DETERIORATION OF ROADS DUE TO RAINS CONTINUES. A NUMBER OF ISOLATED REGIONS IN MAYO KEBBI, TANDJILE COULD BE SUPPLIED BY BARGES ON CHARI OR BY TRUCKS 4X4 PROJECT IBRD.

HEALTH:

8. NUTRITIONAL SITUATION STABILIZED IN ENTIRE COUNTRY. SITUATION CONSIDERABLY IMPROVED IN MOYEN-CHARI (MALNUTRITION BELOW 5 PER CENT) AND MAYO KEBBI (MALNUTRITION BETWEEN 4 AND 9 PER CENT). PROBLEMS CONTINUE TO PERSIST IN BOUSSO AND BOKORO (CHARI BAGUIRMI) AMONG DISPLACED POPULATION AND IN BILTINE. INCREASE OF CASES OF RED MEASLES AND BILHARZIOSE IN LAI (TANDJILE) INDICATED BY LRCS. COMITE D'ACTION SANITAIRE D'URGENCE EXAMINING SITUATION.

9. LRCS DISTRIBUTES DRY RATIONS AND SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD IN 160 NUTRITIONAL CENTRES. TOTAL POPULATION ASSISTED: 360,000 (230,000 DRY RATIONS AND 130,000 SUPPLEMENTARY FEEDING). TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED OR ANNOUNCED SINCE BEGINNING OF OPERATION 23,280,000 SF. NEEDS STILL TO BE COVERED 1,200,000 SF.

UNMET NEEDS:

10. - 3,6 MILLION US DLRS TO COVER INTERNAL TRANSPORT/DISTRIBUTION COSTS OF 30,000 MT OF FOOD AID.

- 150 MT BEREBERE SEEDS FOR CULTIVATION AT END OF RAINY SEASON ESTIMATED COSTS US DLRS 150,000.

CONTRIBUTIONS: (ANNOUNCED SINCE UNDRO SITREP NO 11, 22 AUGUST 85)

11. INTER-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
US DLRS
EEC
500 MT SKIMMED MILK POWDER
(++)
12. GOVERNMENTS
DENMARK
THROUGH LRCS
148,000
GERMANY (FED.REP.)
290 T RICE
(++)
SWITZERLAND ASSISTANCE IN 85 THROUGH WFP:
SDR TECHNICAL SUPERVISION OF CONSTRUCTION BRIDGE ACROSS LOGONE
69,565
PORT DOUALA SDR ASSESSMENT
10,870
SUPPORT OF TRANSPORT AND FOOD AID DISTRIBUTION
217,391
2 SDR EXPERTS
78,260
SDR CONSTRUCTION OF LOGISTIC BASE IN MONGO
282,609
SDR CONSTRUCTION OF LOGISTIC BASE IN MAO
78,260
MEDICAL ASSISTANCE
60,870
53 T MILK PRODUCTS WITH PARTICIPATION IN TRANSPORT THROUGH NGO
217,862
U.S.A.
VACCINATION PROGRAMME
1,500,000
13. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
CARITAS INTERNATIONALIS
CARITAS ITALY
242,680
CARITAS BELGIUM
25,650
CAFOD (GREAT-BRITAIN)
65,500
CARITAS GERMANY
14,500
CARITAS FRANCE
99,500
DEVELOPMENT AND PEACE CANADA
76,500
CARDINAL LEGER/CANADA
152,000
CARITAS NEW-ZEALAND
7,204
DANISH RED CROSS
TRANSPORT OF FOOD AID
99,000
MARY KNOLL FATHERS (US)
NUTRITIONAL CENTRES FOR CHILDREN
100,000
OXFAM (UK)
PURCHASE AND TRANSPORT FOOD AND SEEDS
75,284
RESETTLEMENT PROJECTS
29,125
(++) VALUE NOT REPORTED TO UNDRO.
14. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148