WFP C.A.R. Crisis Regional Update Situation Report #35, 30 June 2017
2.1 million food insecure people in C.A.R. — 48% of the population of the country
534,000 displaced persons
481,000 C.A.R. refugees in the neighbouring countries
WFP operations in Cameroon, Chad, DRC and RoC are facing severe pipeline breaks hampering life-saving assistance to 1.8 million people during the lean season.
In DRC and RoC, concerns are rising over the risk of deterioration in the nutritional status of affected children.
WFP urgently needs USD 20 million to immediately procure and transport sufficient food stocks to allow the distribution of full and essential rations to refugees and IDPs in the C.A.R. crisis countries.
The residual fallout of the ethno-religious war in C.A.R. continues to cause death and destruction among the population in the Central African Republic, uprooting hundreds of thousands people (nearly 500,000 refugees in May and 534,000 internally displaced people in June) and posing challenges to ending the effect of conflicts in neighbouring Cameroon, Chad, DRC and RoC. The acceleration in the pace of population movements – within C.A.R. and to the surrounding countries – is breeding an increasingly dire situation as most displacements are becoming protracted. Women and children continue to be most affected and critical needs continue to exceed available resource levels. Renewed and sustained donor engagement as well as flexible funding are urgently required to save fragile gains and prevent the situation from further deterioration.
In C.A.R., the upsurge of violence3 sparked new warnings by the United Nations about the spread of armed groups and human rights abuses. The number of people internally displaced increased by 20 percent from April to June4 and despite funding shortages, WFP is scaling up its humanitarian response to deliver emergency food and nutritional assistance to 100,000 additional displaced people fleeing the recent clashes. Humanitarian access, particularly in Bambari (Ouaka), Bria (Haute Kotto) and Bangassou (Mbomou) remains difficult due to insecurity and bad road conditions. In recent weeks, thousands of people were also uprooted from their homes to seek safety beyond C.A.R borders.
In DRC, starting from mid-May, a new massive influx of C.A.R. refugees, triggered by violence and fear of imminent attacks in border areas (Bangassou, Bema and Mobaye in C.A.R.), was observed in Bas-Uele and North-Ubangi provinces. UNHCR reported some 33,6005 newcomers in DRC in early June. WFP Emergency Director, Ms. Denise Brown and the Country Director, Mr. Claude Jibidar undertook a mission to Gbadolite, North-Ubangi province on 24 June to enquire about the situation of the new influx of C.A.R. refugees.
In Cameroon, following a protracted reduction in food assistance, WFP monitoring recorded an increase in the number of C.A.R. refugee households with a poor food consumption score (from 1.7 percent in September 2016 to 4.2 percent in April 2017). As the lean season approaches and food supplies falls, WFP is striving to increase the food rations for C.A.R. refugees who have been receiving only half of the monthly ration since October 2016, due to funding shortfalls.