In 2017, the situation in C.A.R. crisis countries remains extremely dire and WFP targets 1.8 million affected people in C.A.R., Cameroon, Chad, RoC and DRC crisis countries. To address lifesaving needs in these five countries, WFP urgently needs USD 44 million over the next six months, of which USD 25 million is for C.A.R. to ensure critical life-saving assistance to highly vulnerable people.
In December, WFP provided food and nutrition assistance to 645,997 (compared to 536,384 people in November) in C.A.R., Cameroon, Chad, DRC and RoC.
2 million people food insecure in C.A.R. —50% of the population of the country
The number include vulnerable local and IDPs in C.A.R. and refugees in neighbouring countries.
In C.A.R., insecurity continues to cause civilian casualties and displacements, especially in Ouaka Prefecture (central C.A.R.) and Mambéré Prefecture (West C.A.R.). The security situation in Bria remains volatile in December, with reported ongoing clashes between two rival factions within the ex-Séléka militia (FPRC and UPC elements) on the Bria-Ippy axis (Ouaka prefecture). Despite the continued presence of FPRC armed elements, commercial activities resumed in Bria. In Bambari (Ouaka), the situation remained tense with UPC and FPRC elements reinforcing their positions.
During the last quarter of 2016, the outbreaks of violence displaced more than 70,000 people in C.A.R. In some areas humanitarian workers cannot reach the displaced people who are hiding in the bush due to insecurity.
Insecurity is also hampering WFP operations in Cameroon and food deliveries remain a challenge along the Tocktoyo and Mboumama axis close to the C.A.R. border due to poor road conditions and the presence of criminal groups. By contrast, in Chad, the security situation in the south remained calm and no population movement has been reported in December. However, the socio-economic situation deteriorated further, growing a breeding ground for potential civil unrest or both external and internal threats to materialize in the future.
On the other hand, in terms of food security, preliminary findings of the Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) carried out in Cameroon jointly by WFP, FAO and the Government in November 2016 point to an overall drop in cereal production in Cameroon’s four most vulnerable regions: east, Adamawa, north and Far north, compared to last year’s season. The cereal production was reported down by 3 percent in the east region, 5 percent in the north, 18 percent in Adamawa region and 25 percent in the Far north. In the Adamawa region, production of roots and tubers also have fallen.
The preliminary results of the National Food Security Assessment (ENSA) conducted in October 2016 in C.A.R. was presented and discussed with the Food Security Cluster partners and the Government on 9 December. The assessment highlighted that at national level, food insecurity continues to affect approximately one households out of two (48 percent). In addition, the assessment underlined that agricultural practice continues to be heavily impacted by the sporadic insecurity throughout the country and a lack of inputs and agricultural tools.