More than 3,000 refugees from Dafak, Southern Sudan's Darfur, have recently arrived in Sam Ouandja, which lies 80km south of the Sudanese border in Northern Central African Republic (CAR). The refugees have largely walked the 200km by foot or donkey and are in desperate need of protection and assistance. UNHCR, UNICEF and the WFP are finalizing plans to send urgent food assistance, plastic sheeting and jerry cans to assist the refugees. A UNHCR-commissioned registration team from the CAR National Refugee Commission arrived in Sam-Ouandja this week in order to begin the registration of the newly arrived refugees.
About 4,000 inhabitants of Ngaoundaye have taken refuge along the borders between Central African Republic, Chad and Cameroon, notably in Mbere town. It is reported that 277 people have fled to nearby Chad. They have since been transferred to the Dosseye refugee camp near Gore, in Southern Chad.
The area surrounding Ngaoundaye remains insecure and inaccessible to UN staff. There has been a significant decrease in stability over the past few weeks in the area and the Italian NGO COOPI has suspended its activities in the Bozoum area.
MSF-France is planning to conduct an assessment in Ngaoundaye following recent attacks in the area.
A UNHCR-led inter-agency Rapid Needs Assessment mission was carried out this week in Sam Ouandja, Northeastern CAR. The mission included the Government of CAR, organizations such as BONUCA, OCHA, WFP and French NGO Triangle, all of whom visited the town which lies in the Haute Kotto prefecture. A joint UN mission will go to Sam Ouandja this Wednesday and are set to return on Saturday. UNICEF will be working alongside UNHCR, WFP, Triangle and IMC in order to assess the current situation which involves more than 3,000 newly arrived refugees from Dafak, Southern Darfur.
The Rapid Needs Assessment mission to Sam Ouandja will be followed by a more in-depth inter-agency evaluation mission over the week which will include UNICEF, WFP and WHO in order to plan additional humanitarian interventions in the areas of protection, security, food, shelter, health, water and sanitation.
In the capital, Bangui, a total of 2,000 youths have undergone HIV/AIDS education from the church Evangélique des Frères des Castors and supported by CIEE (Centre pilote d'information, d'éducation et d'écoute). A total of 548 young people (359 girls, 189 boys) received their peer educator certificates. UNICEF has successfully negotiated with Jeunesse Evangélique Africaine in order to allow the extension of this training to other regions of CAR.
The National Health Day campaign (25-30 May) is now coming to a close in most parts of the country. Events have included a nationwide multi-antingen immunization campaign for infants along with the distribution of Vitamin A supplementation for children aged 6-59 months and de-worming with Mebendazole for children 12-59 months. The districts of Nana Gribizi, Kemo, Mbomou and Haut Mbomou have also received 75,000 mosquito nets for children under 5 years.
SHELTER AND NON-FOOD RELIEF ITEMS
Partnership with MSF-France has led to family relief kits, which include items such as 270 mosquito nets, 270 plastic sheeting, 540 jerry cans, 540 mats, 270 blankets being distributed to 270 displaced families in Ngaoundaye, Northwestern CAR.
The DDR (Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration) agreement is scheduled to be signed on Friday the 15th of June between the UFDR, UNICEF and the Government of CAR. A six-person team from UNICEF has left for Vakaga region in order to carry out a needs assessment and prepare for the reintegration of the children into their communities. UNICEF will also be responsible for providing clothing and documenting each soldier's story.
WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE
A WES assessment is currently underway in Gordil and its surrounding villages in order to assess the impact of recent floods and need for portable water sources.
An assessment of the Bossangoa Hospital water-system has been completed this week. UNICEF will be assisting with the rehabilitation of existing water supplies.
NGO Committee Aid Medical has confirmed it will begin working in the Vakaga prefecture in order to provide water and sanitation services as well as promoting hygiene to people across the region.
UNICEF has been working extensively in Birao, in the Vakaga prefecture of Northern CAR over recent weeks. For example more than 30 wells have been rehabilitated and 10 hygiene workers have been trained in order to improve WASH facilities for displaced communities.
INTER-AGENCY COLLABORATION AND KEY PARTNERSHIPS
UNICEF is currently procuring medical supplies, including medications, for IRC in order to support the Kaga Bandoro hospital and 3 other health facilities in the Nana Gribizi Prefecture (northeast).