CAR

UNICEF Central African Republic Humanitarian Situation Report No. 2: March to April 2022

Attachments

Highlights:

  • During March and April, Central African Republic (CAR) continued to experience clashes and conflicts, resulting in a new increase in the number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), bringing the number of IDPs to 658,265.

  • In this context, where the population bears the brunt of continuing tensions and increasing armed violence and the majority of the population is hardly accessible to humanitarian aid workers due to the security situation, increased incidents with explosive devices and logistical constraints, UNICEF was able to achieve the following results:

  • 22,691 conflict-affected children benefited from play and recreational activities through UNICEF supported Child-Friendly Spaces (CFS). 144 new cases of gender-based violence (GBV) against children were registered and assisted.

  • 7,183 children under 5 suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) were treated.

  • More than 5,000 households received Non-Food Items (NFI).

  • An estimated 13,000 people gained access to safe drinking water.

  • More than 10,000 children benefiting from the radio education program.

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

Highlights

Since April 2021, when mines were first discovered in the Central African Republic (CAR), accidents involving mines and other explosive devices have taken on increasing proportions, especially in the western part of the country. The number of accidents recorded in the first quarter of this year amount to nearly half of all accidents recorded in 2021, and both years show a significant increase compared to the year 2020, when two incidents with no casualties were registered. This severely limits the humanitarian access in a context already marked by access restrictions due to armed conflict and physical access constraints: in the first four months of 2022, 52 incidents affecting humanitarian workers were recorded (source: OCHA)

At the same time, clashes and conflicts continued to persist throughout the country, with a peak in violence in the east. Increased levels of violence, the degradation of basic services combined with the impact of the COVID‐19 pandemic, the generalized price increase linked to rising oil prices on international markets in connection with the conflict in Ukraine and new export restrictions from Cameroon had significantly worsened the living conditions of children and led to a rise in the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance. According to the Acute Food Insecurity projections, about 2.2 million people in the (CAR) will experience high levels of acute food insecurity classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse between April and August. These figures remain among the highest that the CAR has ever seen, confirming the persistence of a high prevalence of prevalence of acute food insecurity and placing CAR third in the world in terms of prevalence after Yemen and South Sudan.

The humanitarian consequences are even more serious for the 658,265 Central Africans forced to flee their homes due to clashes and conflicts (source: Commission Mouvement de Populations). This represents an increase of 30,000 people in the last two months. The new displacements were mainly observed in the transhumance corridors of the Ouham and Ouham-Pende, in areas affected by incursions and exactions by armed groups in Ouaka, Mboumou and Ombella- M'poko, as well as in localities affected by flooding in Ouham-Pende and Vakaga.