UNICEF Central African Republic Humanitarian Situation Report, 31 August 2019

Report
from UN Children's Fund
Published on 31 Aug 2019

Highlights

  • In August, the overall security and humanitarian situation remained relatively calm, but with localized tensions.

  • UNICEF, together with WHO and the Ministry of Health and Population, co-led Round 1 of the Vaccine Poliovirus response campaign in 21 of the country’s 35 health districts. 650,549 children under five years (92 per cent of target) were vaccinated and also received Vitamin A and deworming treatment.

  • Based on negotiations with UNICEF and MINUSCA, a leading armed group signed an action plan to stop the recruitment of children and release those already in their ranks.

  • UNICEF and partners assisted 33 child survivors of gender-based violence (GBV) including 29 girls.

  • Following the announcement of the results of the end-of-year exams, UNICEF and partners gave access to remedial classes to 11,350 children, including 4,755 girls, in 5 crisis-affected prefectures.

Situation in Numbers

31 August 2019
1.5 million
# of children in need of humanitarian assistance
2.9 million
# of people in need
(OCHA, March 2019)
594,117 # of Internally displaced persons
(OCHA, July 2019)
Outside CAR
606,878 # of registered CAR refugees
(UNHCR, August 2019)
2019 UNICEF Appeal

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

The situation in August was generally calm, despite recurring armed group movements in the Northwest, a clash between two armed groups in Mingala area (Basse-Kotto, Centre), the continuing high level of criminality and incidents against aid workers in the North. The Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) recorded two alerts, related to spontaneous returns of CAR refugees from Chad in the area between the border and Ndele (Bamingui Bangoran), and from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in Satema sub-prefecture of Basse Kotto. On 23 August, the two opposed armed groups in Satema sub-prefecture (Basse-Kotto, Centre-South, on the border with DRC) signed a local peace agreement, which is expected if it holds to encourage further returns from the DRC and to contribute to the opening up of this heavily-affected area to humanitarian actors.

In addition, on 23 August, the main parties to the February Peace Agreement met in Bangui to review progress since its signature. Participants noted that the security situation had overall improved, although still reports dozens of violations every week. The Special Representative of the Secretary General (SRSG) and Head of MINUSCA warned that violations by armed groups would no longer be tolerated.