Following violence in Bria (Haute Kotto prefecture) in November among two different Ex-Seleka factions, heavy fighting spread in the Ouaka prefecture for control of Bambari, displacing over 8,000 people.
As of the end of November, 434,000 people were reportedly internally displaced, a sharp increase (14,000 people) to the previous month due to the violence that broke out in north east (Bria) and central CAR (Bambari).
Through the UNICEF-supported Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM), two NFI interventions were conducted in Ouham Pende and Ouaka prefectures, reaching a total of 6,429 households (30,932 individuals).
For the first time in three years and with UNICEF support, the CAR government celebrated World Breastfeeding Week from 12 to 17 December with approximately 2,500 mothers.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
Following violence in Bria (Haute Kotto prefecture) last November among two different Ex-Seleka factions (UPC and FPRC), heavy fighting spread in the Ouaka prefecture for control of Bambari. A massive displacement of the local population took place, resulting in an estimated 5,000 people seeking refuge in Bambari and an estimated 3,000 people seeking refuge in Grimari. The number of displaced people in surroundings areas such as Bakala and Ippy, where humanitarian access is constrained by the intensity of fighting, is still unknown.
On 15 December, the President of the Republic held an official ceremony to launch the process of closing the M’Poko IDP site in Bangui. To mark this ceremony, 30 volunteer households received a sum of money (approximately US $100) from the Government to dismantle their huts and to relocate to other neighbourhoods in town. As of end of December, a total of 5,435 people (2,143 households) received cash assistance for their re-location. For the humanitarian community, the new challenge is the follow-up of return movements to determine the type of support to be provided to returnees for their integration.
According to the CMP (Commission Mouvement Population), as of the end of November, 434,000 people were reportedly internally displaced (IDPs) in IDP sites and within host families, with a sharp increase (14,000 people) as compared to October and which is due to the violence that broke out in north east (Bria) and central CAR (Bambari). In spite of the volume of pledges (some US$ 2.2 billion) raising hopes of renewed international engagement for CAR at the Brussels conference in November, humanitarian organizations continue to face severe funding shortfalls: only US$ 192 million out of the US$ 532 million requested under the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) were received (36 per cent), resulting in a scaling down of operations.