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Report of the Secretary-General on the situation in Central Africa and the activities of the United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa (S/2018/521)

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I. Introduction

  1. The present report is submitted pursuant to the statement of the President of the Security Council dated 11 June 2015 (S/PRST/2015/12), in which the Council requested the Secretary-General to keep it informed about the activities of the United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA). It provides an assessment of the major political and security trends in Central Africa since my previous report, dated 28 November 2017 (S/2017/995), and an update on progress in the implementation of the mandate of UNOCA. The report also provides an update on the situation in the Lake Chad Basin region, pursuant to Council r esolution 2349 (2017).

II. Major developments in the Central Africa subregion

A. Political, peace and security developments and trends

  1. Central Africa continued to face serious political and security challenges against the backdrop of a regional economic slowdown. There have been some positive developments towards subregional integration, and efforts to consolidate democratic governance.

Political developments and trends

  1. On 29 January, the Heads of State and Government of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) held a consultative meeting in Addis Ababa, on the margins of the African Union summit. They agreed to convene a session of the Assembly of Heads of State of the Council for Peace and Security in Central Africa in February, which was subsequently postponed to a later date yet to be announced. They also decided to hold the seventeenth ordinary session of the Summit of ECCAS Heads of State and Government tentatively in June.