The Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) is a tool at the disposal of the humanitarian community to monitor humanitarian action, conduct multisector assessments, essential household items distributions (NFI), shelter and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions when there is no capacity on site. Currently, RRM is made possible through the generous support of the European Union Civil Protection and Humaniarian Aid Office (ECHO), the Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC). All RRM products are available on the Humanitarian Response portal.
In 2018, the RRM has provided a coverage of 12 out of 16 prefectures, with 3 operational partners and 6 bases : ACF (Bouar, Bossangoa), Solidarités International (Kaga-Bandoro) and ACTED (Bambari, Bangassou, Zemio). The prefectures of Bamingui-Bangoran, Lobaye, Sangha-Mbaéré, Mambéré-Kadéi and Vakaga were not included. Coverage in Nana-Mambéré, Ombella-M’Poko, Kémo, Haute-Kotto, Mbomou and Haut-Mbomou was only partial.
In 2018, the RRM intervened in the prefecture of Mambéré-Kadéi (Gbambia, Amada-Gaza), which was not covered by its monitoring and intervention system. This area characterised by access constraints has experienced several attacks by armed groups resulting in an increased number of displaced people. After the reporting of important needs by the humanitarian coordination, the RRM decided to create an alert and to intervene.
The extent of the geographical coverage enabled the setting up of an early warning system which, during 2018, sent (or received) a total of 81 humanitarian alerts.