Rapid Food Security & Livelihoods Assessment - Lobaye Prefecture, CAR April/May 2014

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Key Findings

  • A cross-section of livelihoods groups in the region have been heavily affected by asset loss, destruction of infrastructure, and reduced food availability and access. This includes both agriculture (cash and food crops) and non-farm livelihoods – particularly mining, livestock, and commerce.

  • Pockets of severe food insecurity and reports of elevated incidence of acute malnutrition in the communities most cut off from markets as the result of the crisis:
    Ngotto, Mbata, and Boda.

  • Farming households are planting significantly less than usual – with all focus group participants in Safa reporting only 25% of their usual land area. Although FAO seed distributions to 2,500 households are set to begin in late May, there is still a high likelihood of severely reduced harvests.

  • Several factors have contributed to a major contraction in the cash economy.
    In heavily affected areas, there are reports of a total lack of liquidity and use of bartering.

  • In Boda and along its axes, women report that Anti-Balaka stole or killed all of their small animals (goats and pigs) in March 2013. This represents widespread loss of key assets that households normal rely upon for resilience to shocks.

  • Affected communities in southern Lobaye report health services and water as priority needs, along with food and shelter