Following the escalation of the inter-communal violence in the beginning of December 2013, the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Central African Republic (CAR) has increased to more than 600 000. Over178 000 are reported in the capital Bangui. Sixty percent of them are children. Over half of the 4.6 million population of the country is in immediate need of aid.
There are huge protection concerns for all civilians. Aid workers are equally affected. A rapid restoration of security is vital to ensure conditions in which relief organisations can operate unhindered. The security situation remains extremely volatile and unpredictable. Violence, looting and killings are ongoing against communities in Bangui and mainly in north-west part of the country.
The crisis has forced an estimated 100 000 people since December 2013 into Cameroon, Chad,
Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Republic of Congo bringing the number of Central African refugees in neighbouring countries to almost 350 000. The European Commission provides €4 million to meet their basic needs including shelter, food, health, protection, water, sanitation and hygiene.
The European Union is the largest donor of humanitarian assistance to CAR. The commitment has been considerably stepped up in light of the evolving needs.
The European Commission alone has provided EUR 45 million in humanitarian aid since December 2013, plus EUR 23 million in development funds. The EU has also organised repeated humanitarian aid flights from Europe and the region to ferry relief supplies and aid workers to the country.
In January 2014, the European Commission and UN OCHA co-hosted a high level meeting in Brussels, where the international community pledged EUR 366 million for life-saving interventions and short to medium-term assistance.