East and Central Africa Region - Fact Sheet #1, Fiscal Year (FY) 2011
· Pasture and water shortages are occurring in regions of Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia, as pastoral and cropping areas have experienced poor March to May rains, with continued poor rainfall and below-average harvests expected, according to USAID’s Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).
· Across much of Ethiopia, drought conditions have intensified, leading to deteriorating food security as water and pasture resources diminish. Approximately 3.1 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance from January through June 2011. In northern Kenya, an estimated 1.4 million pastoralists remained moderately to highly food insecure in March.
· Fighting between the Somalia Transitional Federal Government (TFG)—supported by the African Union Mission in Somalia—and armed opposition groups in Mogadishu and areas of southern and central Somalia continues to displace individuals and worsen humanitarian conditions in Somalia. On February 19, pro-TFG forces attacked opposition groups in southern Somalia, further limiting humanitarian access.
· Chadian migrant workers continue to flee Libya and return to Chad due to conflict that began on February 17. As of May 5, more than 43,000 people had returned to Chad from Libya, according to the U.N.
· Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)-related violence and displacement persist throughout North Kivu, South Kivu, and Orientale provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). LRA attacks have displaced more than 33,000 people in 2011 and approximately 327,000 people to date, according to the U.N. In the Central African Republic (CAR), LRA attacks resulted in 21 deaths from January to March, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
· Nearly 99 percent of the 3.8 million people who voted in the January referendum on self-determination for Southern Sudan voted for independence, according to the Southern Sudan Referendum Commission. According to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), the new Republic of South Sudan will become independent on July 9, 2011. Nearly 343,000 individuals have returned from the north to Southern Sudan and the Three Areas since October 30, 2010, according to OCHA.