Now is the opportunity to break the cycle of violence and start reducing poverty in the Central African Republic. While progress has been made over the last year, it remains fragile and limited. In 2009, this progress needs to be consolidated - or achievements will be lost. There are concrete opportunities: a peace process, security sector reform and the return of displaced people are all in their early stages. Almost half of the displaced people in the Central African Republic, 85,000 people, have returned to their villages, often only to find their houses destroyed and their fields overgrown. Another 209,000 Central Africans who have been displaced for far too long in the country and in neighbouring Cameroon, Chad and Darfur, are still too scared to return home. New forced displacement has not stopped. Renewed fighting between the Popular Army for the Restoration of Democracy (APRD) militant group and government forces in the northwest, brutal attacks by heavily armed bandits across the north and incursions by the Ugandan Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebel group in the southeast have forced more people away from their villages.
The members of the Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team (HDPT) expect this pattern of displacement in some areas and return in others to continue in 2009. The government and the armed opposition have stepped back from the brink of civil war. Yet the peace process is already fragile, and frequently violated. Moreover, bandits continue to take advantage of the absence of the state in many parts of the country and attack travellers or whole villages. Almost half of the 209,000 Central Africans that have been forced away from their homes have fled bandit attacks rather than the conflict between the government and militant groups.
Political conflict, brutal banditry, the destruction of schools, health centres and houses, and forced displacement wreak havoc in a situation that is already among the direst in the world. The Central African Republic is one of the poorest countries in the world and basic health indicators are among the worst on the continent. For every 100,000 live births, 1,355 mothers die. This means one mother dies during childbirth, or from post-natal complications, every four hours. Almost one in five children will not live to his or her fifth birthday, and life expectancy is a staggering 43 years.
To consolidate the achievements of 2007 and 2008, the members of the HDPT in Central African Republic have been more rigorous than ever in developing this Coordinated Aid Programme. This humanitarian strategy for 2009 is geographically limited to areas directly affected by conflict and violence: the seven northern prefectures and the far southeast. The HDPT has identified four sectors as priorities: health, water, sanitation and hygiene, protection and early recovery. All 105 projects in this CAP have been ranked on a ten-point scale according to objective criteria. As humanitarian access has increased, aid agencies require $ 116.2 million for lifesaving assistance, human rights protection, early recovery programmes and other humanitarian programmes.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: FRAGILE PROGRESS
Table I. Summary of Requirements - By Cluster
Table II. Summary of Requirements - By Appealing Organisation
2. 2008 IN REVIEW
3 THE 2009 COMMON HUMANITARIAN ACTION PLAN
3.1 THE CONTEXT AND HUMANITARIAN NEEDS ANALYSIS
3.3 STRATEGIC PRIORITIES FOR HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE IN 2009
Strategic priority 1
Strategic priority 2
Strategic priority 3
3.4 SECTOR RESPONSE PLANS
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Protection, Human Rights and Rule of Law
Multi-Sector Assistance to Refugees Nutrition
Shelter and Non-Food Items
Coordination and Support Services
3.5 HUMANITARIAN ACTION OUTSIDE THE CAP
4. CRITERIA FOR THE INCLUSION AND RANKING OF PROJECTS
5. MONITORING PLAN
5.1 STRATEGIC MONITORING
5.2 LOGICAL FRAMEWORK FOR HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE
ANNEX I RANKING OF PROJECTS
ANNEX II AGENCY OVERVIEWS
ANNEX III TABLE III. LIST OF PROJECTS - (GROUPED BY CLUSTER)
ANNEX IV TABLE IV. LIST OF PROJECTS - (GROUPED BY APPEALING ORGANISATION)
ANNEX V TABLE V. SUMMARY OF REQUIREMENTS - (GROUPED BY SECTOR)
ANNEX VI INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT SOCIETIES
ANNEX VII DONOR RESPONSE TO THE 2008 APPEAL
ANNEX VIII ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
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