CAR

Central African Republic: Situation Report, 29 Sep 2022

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HIGHLIGHTS

  • Humanitarian actors provided life-saving assistance to 1.2 million people in the first half of 2022, representing 60 per cent of the 2022 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) target.

  • Thousands of Central Africans affected by recent torrential rains.

  • After several years of displacement, humanitarian and development actors are helping internally displaced persons and refugees to resume a normal life.

  • With 50 per cent of the population not eating enough, CAR has one of the highest proportions of critically food-insecure people in the world.

  • The humanitarian community in CAR plans to provide multi-sectoral assistance to 2 million people in 2022. US$461.3 million are required.

EMERGENCY RESPONSE

Reaching the remotest corners of the country

A team of six humanitarian organizations from the United Nations and NGOs boarded a helicopter with 750 kg of relief supplies in Bria, in the center of the country, on 30 August 2022. Their destination: Ouanda-Djallé, a town almost 300 km away, where people are almost completely cut off from the outside world and live in precarious conditions.

Armed groups dominate the area, committing serious international humanitarian law and human rights abuses. Attacks, robberies, lootings and illegal taxations limit people’s ability to move around, feed their families and gain a living, negatively affecting their health, nutrition and protection. In addition, insecurity and bad or even inexistent roads have made it very difficult to deliver humanitarian assistance.

Impossible road access

People are almost completely isolated, especially during the rainy season from April to October, when bridges collapse and roads are washed away. During this period, a helicopter is often the only way to reach a remote place like Ouanda-Djallé. Thanks to generous contributions from donors, the UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) added a helicopter to its aircraft fleet in early August, allowing humanitarians to reach people in the remotest corners of the country that would otherwise be inaccessible. This is also the time of the year when floods occur and when quick access to people in remote areas is crucial to save lives, as was the case in nearby Sam-Ouandja in September 2021, where a UNHAS helicopter was used.

Urgently needed aid

The helicopter mission to Ouanda-Djallé, composed of the World Food Programme (WFP), International Medical Corps (IMC), INTERSOS, APADE and OXFAM under the coordination of OCHA, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, and joining the NGO Vision et Développement already in Ouanda-Djallé, supports the scale-up of humanitarian assistance for the 7,000 inhabitants. The humanitarian workers distribute nutritional supplements for malnourished children and mothers, essential medicines and health supplies for the local hospital, post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) kits for survivors of sexual violence and hygiene and sanitary items for women and adolescent girls. A doctor in the team ensures that the local medical staff understand how to administer and stock the medicines.

To pave the way for a complementary humanitarian response in the coming weeks and months, the team conducts detailed assessments of people’s needs in different sectors during the five-day mission. They also meet with local community leaders and representatives to build acceptance of the humanitarian activities and to better understand security constraints.

A comprehensive regional strategy

The last humanitarian intervention in Ouanda-Djallé dates back to July, when three helicopter missions brought in urgently needed relief items. But in view of the population’s dire needs, this was only the beginning of a longer engagement.

The mission to Ouanda-Djallé is part of a wider strategy jointly adopted by humanitarian partners in the Central African Republic (CAR) to assist 28,400 people in the remote triangle of Ouadda, Sam Ouandja and Ouanda-Djallé in the northern Vakaga and Haute-Kotto Prefectures. The plan includes life-saving, multi-sectoral assistance during three months and the progressive establishment of a humanitarian presence in the area in the longer term. The latest allocation from the CAR Humanitarian Fund in August sets aside funds to finance this strategy in this remote corner of the country, as well as in eastern Bakouma, where people are in similar isolation.

Disclaimer

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.