Central African Republic: Situation Report, 29 July 2021

Situation Report
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  • Tens of thousands flee clashes in Ouham and Ouham-Pendé Prefectures.

  • Thousands of IDPs forced to leave their site in Bambari in the center of the country, after threats followed by serious violations of international humanitarian law.

  • The Ministry of Health reported that 78,695 people were vaccinated against COVID-19 in 10 prefectures and the capital Bangui between 20 May and 23 June 2021.

  • During the first quarter of 2021, humanitarian actors managed to provide assistance to 1.2 million people in an increasingly volatile security context.

  • To meet the most urgent needs in 2021, humanitarian partners plan to assist 1.84 million people, for what they will require US$ 444.7 million.


Clashes in Ouham and Ouham-Pendé displace ten thousands

Clashes between armed groups and the Central African Armed Forces, supported by bilateral forces, along the north-westerly border have forced several ten thousands of women, men and children to flee. Their precarious living conditions have further deteriorated and basic needs for protection, water, food and healthcare continue to soar, in a region where 80 per cent of the population needed humanitarian assistance already before the current turmoil.

The situation at the border between the Central African Republic, Chad and Cameroon remains volatile and a number of subprefectures are affected, notably Koui, Ngaoundaye, Paoua, Markounda, Batangafo and Kabo. People move back and forth between places of refuge – the surrounding bush, neighbouring villages and towns across the border – and their homes and fields, in constant search of protecting their lives and livelihoods.

Acts of violence against civilians, including physical assaults, lootings, sexual and gender-based violence and robberies are widespread, as are attacks against civilian infrastructure, such as schools and hospitals, as well as humanitarian workers.

A significant rise in sexual and gender-based violence targets women and girls, particularly in the fields, forests and en route, underlying the risk they face when going about daily chores and agriculture. Analysis from May highlights the protection crisis for women and girls in Markounda, where nearly 60 per cent of the 86 cases of gender-based violence registered were rapes, of which 92 per cent were committed by armed elements.

Access restrictions

The insecurity in the north-western border region severely restricts access for humanitarians to the most vulnerable, including the elderly, single-headed families and people with disabilities. The risk of attacks by armed groups and crime rates are high. In June 2021, Ouham and Ouham Pendé prefectures were the most affected by incidents against humanitarians with 11 and six incidents, respectively. A civilian was killed and three injured, including a humanitarian, in an ambush on the transfer of patients to a medical facility supported by Médecins sans frontières (MSF) in Batangafo. As this was the third such incident within a few weeks, MSF suspended medical assistance on the axes. Trucks bound for Bocaranga and Ndim, delivering food on behalf of the World Food Programme (WFP), have also been blocked due to the persistent risk of attacks.

The increased threat of explosive devices since April and physical access restrictions such as collapsed bridges and impassable roads during the current rainy season further complicate humanitarian access.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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