CAR

Central African Republic: Situation Report, 24 January 2022

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HIGHLIGHTS

  • The humanitarian community in CAR plans to provide multi-sectoral assistance to 2 million people in 2022. US$461.3 million will be required.

  • 3.1 million Central Africans need humanitarian assistance and protection in 2022, 63 per cent of the population.

  • During the first nine months of 2021, 1.7 million people received lifesaving, multisectoral assistance - an increase compared to the 1.6 million people assisted in all of 2020.

  • Gender-based violence, especially sexual violence, has recently reached particularly worrying levels.

  • The threat of explosive devices continues to increase in the Central African Republic: at least 23 civilians killed between January and November 2021.

EMERGENCY RESPONSE

The new Humanitarian Response Plan 2022 for the Central African Republic

Violence in the Central African Republic (CAR) has ushered in new conflict dynamics in 2021. New threats have emerged, such as explosive devices, new actors have entered the scene, areas previously spared have slit into violence and frontlines have shifted.

Civilians have once again been the main victims of this new wave of violence. Hundreds of thousands of people across the country have been forced to flee, reaching the highest level of displacement recorded since 2014 in September, with 722,000 internally displaced people.

In this context, risks for the protection and survival of Central Africans have multiplied. In 2022, 3.1 million people – 63 per cent of the population – need humanitarian assistance and protection, a level not seen in five years.

In response to the deteriorating humanitarian situation and anticipated risks, the humanitarian community in CAR, through the Humanitarian Response Plan, will provide multi-sectoral assistance to 2 million people in 2022. To assist these people, US$461.3 million will be required. Extraordinary donor support, as in 2021, will be needed more than ever to achieve this.

In 2021, the humanitarian community intensified its response in areas with high needs while striving to respond to shocks effectively and access hard-to-reach areas. 85 per cent of emergency interventions following a violent shock, such as forced displacement, covered several sectors, such as shelter, food, health and water. 36 tonnes of relief items were transported by helicopter to otherwise inaccessible areas. 1.5 million people received cash transfers to cover their basic needs. In total, 1.7 million people received life-saving assistance between January and September 2021, almost twice as many as in 2018.

In 2022, more than ever, protection will be a collective priority integrated into the humanitarian response in CAR. Internally displaced people, women, girls and minorities have proven to be particularly vulnerable.

The humanitarian response in 2022 will be participatory, protective and close to the affected people. First, communities will define with humanitarian actors the most relevant activities to meet their needs and they will be involved throughout implementation and monitoring, in line with the humanitarian community's collective commitment to accountability. Second, the protection imperative will be integrated to ensure that assistance not only does not discriminate or create additional risks for communities, but also detects and responds to gender-based violence and sexual exploitation and abuse. Finally, greater proximity to beneficiaries will be promoted through the decentralisation of humanitarian action and the coordination of efforts with local actors. These three pillars will be the basis for a multi-sectoral intervention in the sub-prefectures where the needs are most acute, while strengthening collaboration with development actors in order to maximise the impact of interventions.

For more information, see the Humanitarian Response Plan 2022 for the Central African Republic (in French).

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.