Crisis (IPC Phase 3) prevails in sub-prefectures with high proportions of IDPs
The IPC analysis update published in September 2018 confirmed that the highest levels of acute food insecurity are in sub-prefectures with high proportions of displaced persons, which also places pressure on the livelihoods of host communities. According to the Commission on Population Movement, the number of IDPs increased four percent between August and September to 642,842 persons, primarily located in Mambéré-Kadéï, Mbomou, and Ouaka prefectures. In general, most IDPs and some host communities are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in the absence of assistance, though some households (less than 20 percent) may be experiencing worse outcomes.
Although overall levels of violence have decreased – attributed to local peace agreements as well as community violence and disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) programs – violence against civilians and humanitarian actors remains a serious concern, particularly in Haute-Kotto, Nana-Grebizi, Ouham et Ouaka prefectures. For example, violent outbreaks in Bria in early October caused 1,327 additional IDPs to register in the PK3 settlement. Between August and September, there were 39 armed robberies of humanitarian facilities, involving physical violence against personnel and forcing several organizations to suspend operations.
In relatively stable prefectures, host communities and IDPs are engaged in harvesting activities. Harvests are generally below the pre-crisis average due to the impact of the conflict and cumulative rainfall deficits, but households are able to consume two meals per day from own produced stocks and hunting, gathering, and fishing. The establishment of joint MINUSCA and FACA operational bases and launch of DDR is expected to slowly improve security conditions and food security outcomes. However, households are likely to struggle to rebuild their livelihoods as long as market access is restricted and armed groups resort to extortion and theft.