This document is produced as a background document for the practitioners’ workshop on strengthening collaboration across humanitarian, development and peacebuilding sectors. This document serves to provide a baseline snapshot of in-country progress towards strengthening the humanitarian-development-peace nexus. All data is based on self-reporting from members of the Humanitarian Country Team/UN Country Team.
Despite ongoing UN-backed efforts to stabilize the security situation in the Central African Republic (CAR), the landlocked country’s humanitarian situation remains very preoccupying, and since 2016, has continued to significantly deteriorate. A restive calm remains prevalent in the capital city of Bangui, and while the peak of extreme violence has generally decreased, local conflicts arising from inter-communal tensions, clashes between armed groups and arbitrary attacks on civilians remain a grave cause for concern across interior areas and in the country’s hinterlands. One of the main consequences of the repeated pattern of cyclical violence is the large-scale forced displacement of civilian populations—most fleeing their homes and communities often without food and basic livelihood amenities—as the wave of violence advances, and as local and subnational conflict systems widen and sometimes collide. Over 870 000 of the CAR’s total population of 5.1 million people are either currently internally displaced (IDPs) or seeking refuge in neighbouring countries like Cameroon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Concurrently, more than half of the country’s population continues to be dependent on humanitarian aid, against the backdrop of a flattening international funding response to CAR’s repeated humanitarian appeals, and projections of further increment in unmet humanitarian needs, in the absence of robust and decisive action to immediately reverse the trend of violence, reduce human rights violations and curb the tide of impunity.
I. Collective Outcomes
Under newly elected President Touadera, the CAR’s post-transition government (GoCAR) recognized quite quickly in 2016 that for the current transition from conflict to be effective, a systematic focus on delivering progress against a commonly agreed set of priorities is essential. At GoCAR’s behest, the World Bank, the United Nations, and the European Union joint forces to conduct a Recovery and Peacebuilding Assessment (RPBA) in September 2016 covering a five-year period (2017 – 2021), with the aim of better aligning partnerships and approaches in the area of post-conflict recovery in support of the government’s efforts. The widely consultative RPBA process focused on the CAR’s concerns through the prism of the humanitarian-development-peace nexus from the onset and the national Peace building and Recovery Programme (RCPCA: 2017-2021) that emerged—with the significant involvement of CAR’s humanitarian and development partners under the leadership of the DSRSG/RC/HC—provides a long-term framework for addressing the root causes of crisis, and coherently articulates the country’s critical early recovery and peace-building needs through three broadly shared collective outcomes: (i) Peace, security and reconciliation processes are supported; (ii) the social contract between the State and the population is renewed and better access provided for basic social amenities; (iii) economic recovery is enhanced across the country and productive sectors boosted. In addition, the RCPCA architecture converges with the NWOW by leveraging the comparative advantages of Technical and Financial Partners such as the World Bank and the EU in specific coordination areas where they each possess established capacities and strengths.