Since 2012, conflict has disrupted livelihoods and food security in the Central African Republic (CAR), a poor, rural nation primarily reliant on subsistence agriculture. As of September 2017, at least 2.4 million people in CAR—approximately half of the country’s population—are in need of humanitarian assistance, with 2 million affected by food insecurity, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reports.
As of October 2017, there were over 601,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in CAR, including more than 100,000 people displaced from January through July, bringing displacement to its highest level in three years, according to OCHA. In addition, more than 538,000 Central Africans were refugees in neighboring countries. Overall, nearly a quarter of CAR’s total population is displaced.
The USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) projects that vulnerable populations—including poor, displaced, returnee, and host communities—in Ouham Pende, Nana Mambere, Lower Kotto, Haut Mbomou and Haute Kotto prefectures—are likely to remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of acute food insecurity until May 2018.* FEWS NET also reports that despite ongoing harvests, reduced agricultural and pastoral production coupled with displacement and restricted humanitarian access has resulted in low food availability and market access across the country.
- With support from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP), the UN World Food Program (WFP) reaches food-insecure people affected by conflict and displacement, including IDPs, host communities, returnees and CAR refugees in the Republic of Congo (RoC), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Cameroon. FFP support enables WFP to provide U.S. in-kind food assistance and locally and regionally procured food to highly vulnerable people through general food distributions, supplementary feeding activities, emergency school feeding, food-for-assets activities, and, for CAR refugees in the DRC and Cameroon, cash transfers and food vouchers, as appropriate. In Fiscal Year 2017, FFP supported WFP’s response to the regional CAR crisis with approximately $47.1 million