CAR

Central African Republic: Floods - Information Bulletin n° 1

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 181 countries.
In Brief

This Information Bulletin (no. 1/2004) is being issued based on the needs described below reflecting the information available at this time. Based on further updates and details from assessment reports, or should the situation deteriorate, the Federation will consider international support through an Emergency Appeal. Funding of CHF 20,000 from the Federation Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) has been requested.

The Situation

Torrential rains fell for 96 hours, from 18-21 October 2004, causing flooding and serious damages. This affected nearly all the sub-divisions of Bangui and in other parts of the country like Mobaye and Bama located respectively 609 and 870 kms away from the capital (Bangui). The flooding left 12,096 people homeless. Water sources and wells are also polluted, thus exposing the population to risks of water-borne diseases.

The following tables reflect the impact of the rain and flooding.


Table 1: Affected Population
Number of families
Number of women
Number of children
Other people
Total people affected
1,980
2,514
7,500
102
12,096

Table 2: Number of deaths and damages

Number of deaths
Damaged houses
Damaged classrooms
Damaged farms
5
900
75
98

According to weather experts, the localities affected are in the middle of the rainy season which is likely to last until 8 November 2004. Consequently, other quarters of Bangui are exposed to the risk of the same disaster. If this happens, the populations will be left with no options other than to seek refuge in safer localities.

Red Cross and Red Crescent Action

Immediately after the announcement of the disaster, 150 volunteers of the Central African Red Cross Society1 were deployed to assist the populations in the transportation of their valuable property that was still useful.

On 21 October 2004, and thanks to the ICRC Delegation in Bangui, the national society was able to offer the following non-food items to the first victims registered:

  • 180 tarpaulins
  • 404 blankets
  • 180 buckets
  • 50 liters of petrol

The national society, in its capacity as a member of the Crisis Committee put in place by the government, identified and registered the victims.

Coordination

Government action

The Government of the Central African Republic established a Crisis Committee comprised of the local councils, churches, UNDP, ICRC and the national society.

Other organizations

Another evaluation of the situation was conducted in collaboration with the UNDP.

Needs

The following were identified as urgent (phase one) needs.

  • Assist the affection population: water disinfection, replacement of the food stocks destroyed by polluted water, prevention of the risk of epidemic ;

  • Procure and provide non-food items such as blankets and clothing, to reinforce ICRC efforts ;

  • Procure sanitation equipment, enabling national society volunteers to clean storm gutters;

  • Train volunteers in the affected localities in IEC, in order to sensitize the populations to CBFA2.

During the second phase of the intervention, seeds and agricultural tools will be needed to enable the populations to start their activities again, and avoid the situation of food insecurity.

Action Plan

Goal: The vulnerability of the populations affected by floods is reduced.

Objectives

- 1,980 affected families can provide for their own food needs and are able to respond to the risks of contamination by water-borne diseases ;

- 1,980 have temporary decent shelters at their disposal;

- The populations are progressively getting used to the notions of risks and have good mastery of the early alert system.

Expected Results

- The emergency food needs of victims, especially women, children and the elderly are satisfied;

- The dependence of the affected populations is reduced;

- The populations have access to potable water to cover all their needs;

- Victims are relocated in less risky areas by local authorities.

Activities

The emergency response phase will begin in November 2004:

- 1980 affected families will receive food items (rice, beans, salt, etc.)

- The distribution will be carried out by national society volunteers to the vulnerable people that had been identified previo usly by the national society during the first evaluation mission.

- The affected families will receive aqua tab tablets, and the national society will conduct the systematic chlorination of water points;

- National society volunteers will conduct CBFA activities in the localities affected to prevent epidemics.

A phase for rehabilitating the population will be comprised of:

- Distribution of seeds to the most vulnerable 100 agriculture-bound families;

- Distribution of agricultural tools;

- National society set-up of its national disaster management team;

- National society advocacy and support with local authorities in efforts to develop a disaster management plan, with special emphasis on floods ;

- A follow-up evaluation, carried out in December 2004.

A preliminary budget has been prepared, covering both the emergency and rehabilitation phases; this budget appears as Table 3 on the following page. Based on the budget for the emergency phase, a request for DREF funding has been submitted for CHF 20,000.

Note: This Information Bulletin has been written by the Federation Regional Disaster Management Officer for Central Africa, with the support of an ERDAC member (the Director of Emergency Relief at Cameroon Red Cross), based on news provided by the President, Central African Red Cross Society.

Please note that the 2005 Annual Appeal for Central African Republic , no. 05AA034, is due to be launched on 23 November 2004; please refer at that time to http://www.ifrc.org/cgi/pdf_appeals.pl?annual05/05aa034.pdf. (This latter link will be functional only after the November launch).

Footnotes:

1 Central African Red Cross Society - refer to http://www.ifrc.org/where/country/check.asp?countryid=44
2 IEC - Information, education and communication; CBFA - Community-based first aid

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Central African Republic: Antoine Mbao Bogo, President, Central African Red Cross Society, Bangui; Phone 236.50.14.11 or 236.09.18.00; Fax 236.61.42.10

In Cameroon: Daniel K. Sayi, Federation Head of Central Africa Sub-Regional Office, Yaoundé; Email ifrccm06@ifrc.org; Phone 237.221.74.37 or 237.950.12.44; Fax 237.221.74.39

In Geneva: Mark Willis, Federation Regional Officer for West and Central Africa; Email mark.willis@ifrc.org; Phone 41.22.730.42.60; Fax 41.22.733.03.95

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

For longer-term programmes, please refer to the Federation's 2004 Annual Appeal for Central African Republic, no. 01.41/2004, on the Federation website at http://www.ifrc.org/cgi/pdf_appeals.pl?annual04/014104.pdf.


Table 3 : Preliminary Budget

Name
Quantity
Unit Price (FCFA)
Total (FCFA)
I - EMERGENCY PHASE
Emergency nutrition Assistance
Rice
5 T
300.000
1.500.000
Corn
5 T
250.000
1.250.000
Beans
2 T
350.000
700.000
Groundnuts
2T
350.000
700.000
Salt (bag of 18 Kg)
2 T
24.000
48.000
Sanitation Equipment for the NS
Sanitation kit
15
32.500
487.500
Aqua tab for water treatment (box of 1000)
35 Boxes
12.500
437.500
Logistics
Rent warehouse
FF
FF
150.000
Rent vehicle (truck)
FF
FF
500.000
Transportation of the operational team
Flying tickets for 2 ERDAC members Billet
2
300.000
600.000
Local Transport
FF
300.000
Communication
FF
FF
50.000
Info - Medias
FF
FF
50.000
Nutrition and Accommodation of the Operational Team
2
FF
500.000
Sandwich for local volunteers x 7 days
30
2.000
420.000
SUB-TOTAL I (EMERGENCY PHASE)
7.693.000
i.e.19.232,5 CHF
II - REHABILITATION PHASE
Seeds:
- Banana - plantain seedlings
3 T
FF
1.500.000
- Yam seedlings
3 T
FF
1.500.000
- Casava seedlings
3 T
FF
1.500.000
Agricultural tools:
Hoes
200
1500
300.000
Shovels
200
2500
500.000
Racks
200
2500
500.000
Machettes
200
4000
800.000
Pickaxes
200
2500
500.000
Non food items
Clothes (women - children - men)
6 Bundles
125.000
750.000
blankets
500
5.000
2.500.000
Training
- Training aid
100
3.000
300.000
- Snack for volunteers / day
100
500
50.000
Logistics
Rent warehouse
FF
FF
150.000
Rent vehicle (truck)
FF
FF
500.000
Transportortation of the operational team
Flying tickets for 2 ERDAC members
2
300.000
600.000
Local Transport
FF
300.000
Communication
FF
FF
50.000
Info - Medias
FF
FF
50.000
Nutrition and Accommodation of the Operational Team
2
FF
500.000
Sandwich for local volunteers x 7 days
30
2.000
420.000
Follow-up and evaluation
FF
FF
500.000
TOTAL II (REHABILITATION PHASE)
13.770.000
i.e. : 34.425 CHF
TOTAL GENERAL (PHASE I + PHASE II)
21.463.000
i.e. : 53.657,5 CHF