A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
On 23 August 2017, the town of Kouango, located 415 km away from Bangui (the capital of CAR) experienced heavy rainfall leading to flooding. These floods caused serious material and human damage. According to the first reports 3,500 people or 700 households were affected by this tragedy and at least 276 houses were completely destroyed, while 74 houses were partially destroyed. Some of the affected people found shelter in host families and others were in relief camps. Telephone communication network was also disrupted in this locality and according to the National Society, there are no other humanitarian actors on the ground to respond to this disaster.
The damage assessment revealed the following:
- Number of households affected: 700
- Number of people affected: 3,500
- Number of water points damaged: 65
- Number of latrines damaged: 76
- Number of houses completely destroyed: 276
- Number of houses partially destroyed: 74
At the time of the disaster, there was a risk of complication of the situation of these affected population and their health conditions because they were exposed to dirty water-related diseases and acute respiratory infections due to bad weather. Therefore, this raised problems of emergency shelter, access to drinking water and sanitation in order to avoid a worsening situation of these victims taking into consideration their environment.
On 01 September 2017, an allocation of CHF 120,337 was granted by the IFRC Disaster relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support CRCA in providing assistance to some 350 households (1,750 persons) affected by this disaster with the distribution of basic NFIs, emergency health; emergency shelter; water, hygiene and sanitation.
The major donors and partners of the DREF include the Red Cross Societies and governments of Australia, Austria, Belgium, Britain, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and the USA, as well as DG ECHO, the UK Department for International Development (DFID), AECID, the Medtronic and Zurich Foundations and other corporate and private donors. On behalf of the Central African Republic Red Cross (CRCA), the IFRC would like to extend its gratitude to all partners for their generous contributions.