Central African Republic: Civil Unrest DREF Operation Final Report (MDRCF017)

Situation Report
Originally published


Appeal History

  • This Emergency Appeal was initially launched on 25 February 2014 for CHF 1,136,640 for 12 months to assist up to 10,000 households (50,000 beneficiaries) in 10 IDPs camps in Bangui.

  • Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF 245,476 loan was allocated from the International Federation’s DREF on 23 December 2013 to support this operation.

  • Operations Update n°1 was issued on 27 March 2014 to update on the operation since its launch

  • Operations Update n°2 was issued on 14 April 2014

  • A six-months update was issued on 27 August 2014 reporting on the progress and achievements of the operation in the first 6 months

  • A Revised Emergency Appeal was issued on 2 September 2014 increasing the operational budget to CHF 10,988,879 for 12 months in order to assist 150,000 people (30,000 beneficiaries)

  • To date, this appeal has received 17% funding in cash donation and pledges.

  • The 12 months update of implementation was published on 26 February 2015

  • Operations update n°3 was issued on 18 September 2015 requesting a 2 months no cost extension of the operation (New end date: 30 November 2015) to enable completion of activities.

  • Operations Update n°4 was issued on 19 October 2015 reporting on the progress with implementation of the activities under the operation

A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

Starting 2013, the Central African Republic (CAR) has been experiencing a massive political and security crisis, which has unravelled the social fabric of the society, created a humanitarian crisis that is unprecedented in the country, displaced 25 percent of the population, caused an economic slowdown, and weakened institutions that were already in shambles. An interim government put in place in January 2014 organized presidential and legislative elections in 2016, with the support of the international community. A democratically elected president was installed in March 2016 Emergency Appeal Final Report Central African Republic: Civil Unrest Picture: Children after non-food items distribution in Bouar © CAR Red Cross P a g e | 2 and this step marked the end of the transition and conflict, thus, introducing the country into the reconstruction, rehabilitation and resilience phase, after the massive destruction that the country suffered.

UNOCHA humanitarian bulletin, issued on 08 February 2016, revealed that the magnitude and complexity of the humanitarian crisis in CAR are unprecedented. Further, the same report indicated that a majority of the population remains extremely affected, vulnerable and exposed to general poverty and insecurity, with alarming basic indicators in the areas of nutrition, health, food security, education and serious violations of human rights. According to the Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA 2015) of December 2015, at least 50.5 percent of the CAR population (1,950,000 people) are food insecure, out of which 15.2 percent (586,000 people) are under severe food insecurity and 35.3 percent (1,360,000 people) in moderate food insecurity. The report revealed that only 6 percent of the CAR population are food secure with the food security situation having deteriorated within a year.

The CARC assessment report, which covers almost all regions of the country revealed that the humanitarian situation is still sombre countrywide and the needs of affected families huge and urgent. As per the report in question, food security, access to safe water, shelter, livelihoods and health, are priority needs of the affected families and host communities, thus there is an urgent need for reconstruction. Poverty levels have also been reported as high in a country whose humanitarian development index has been ranked as 185 out of 187 as of 2013.

According to UNOCHA humanitarian needs overview of 2016 indicates at least 2.35 million of the CAR population out of 5 million are in dire need of humanitarian assistance in at least one sector. Several families have had their houses completely destroyed, property, household items and livelihoods looted and/or vandalized, thereby forcing them to seek refuge in internally displaced people’s (IDP) camps, with host families and/or in neighbouring countries. The UNHCR population movement commission (PMC) report of April 2016, reveals that 420,231 IDPS are still living in some 100 IDP camps countrywide and 470,000 people are still refugees in the neighbouring countries.

The Central African Red Cross (CARC) has been involved in the response to this emergency which started on 5 December 2013, under the emergency response domain. Since the onset of the conflict, the CARC has, among other activities, been continuously responding by managing dead bodies and providing first aid to the injured and transporting others to the hospital for further treatment when the need arises.

To enable the NS respond in a more timely and effective manner, the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) launched a DREF of CHF 245,476 on 23 December 2013 to support the NS in assisting at least 25,000 displaced people (IDPs) in 10 IDP camps in Bangui. On 25 February 2014, the IFRC launched an Emergency Appeal for CHF 1,136,640 for this same operation, to support at least 50,000 people in the Central African Republic (CAR) with emergency health, water, hygiene and sanitation, communications and advocacy for peace, capacity building and preparedness.

On 2 September 2014, following the escalation of the violence in the provinces, the NS requested the IFRC CAR country office to revise the Appeal in order to expand the CARC assistance to IDP camps in the provinces, as well as increase the target population to 150,000 beneficiaries in 23 targeted areas countrywide. Despite limited funding, the National Society, was able to effectively implement the activities under the EA and greatly contributed to overcoming the CAR crisis. The CARC received technical support from IFRC in addition to the presence of the IFRC Global Fund unit staff present in Bangui.