A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
On 24 April 2015, continuous storms resulted in extensive flooding, destruction of houses and loss of household belongings in the first, second, third, fourth and fifth districts of Berbérati, located 584 kilometres from Bangui, in the Central African Republic (CAR). According to a rapid assessment carried out by the local committee of the Central African Republic Red Cross (CAR RC), 210 households (1,109 people) have been affected, with 199 houses completed destroyed. It has been reported that one person has been killed, and seven injured, which have been referred to the Berbérati regional hospital for treatment.
As of 5 May 2015, the displaced population is being hosted by other households within Berbérati; however some are living in the open air, increasing their exposure to the extreme weather conditions, as well as their risk to communicable and respiratory diseases. In addition, water and sanitation infrastructures have been submerged; and contaminated, increasing the risk of spread of waterborne diseases. It is expected that situation will worsen, as the CAR meteorological department has forecast that the rains will continue. Therefore, an immediate response to support the needs of the affected population is required, especially since they are also located in an area that has experienced the effects of the on-going conflict in the country, and were already extremely vulnerable prior to the flooding.