On 17 February 2016, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) released CHF 55,848 from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Central African Republic Red Cross (CARC) reduce the immediate risk of a Monkey-pox outbreak to 164,000 people (indirectly) and 64,000 people (directly), living in the Bakouma, Gambo, Ouango and Rafaï sub-prefectures of the Mbomou Province, through support in social mobilization and community communication activities, for a period of two months.
On April 21, an operations update was published, requesting a 2-week timeframe extension (New end date: 30 April 2016) to enable the deployment of a Finance Analyst to support the closure of DREF operation; as well as data collection on the number of people reached.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster:
On 4 December 2015, two children aged 9 and 5 were found suffering from an unidentified disease with rashes all over their bodies in Lengo village, located at some 15 kilometres from Bakouma in the Mbomou province, eastern Central African Republic (CAR), and taken to the Bakouma Health Centre. On 10 December 2015, in response to the outbreak in Bangassou, WHO facilitated an initial assessment carried out by the Ministry of Health (MoH) in the affected province and a joint mission was undertaken by the health district and Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) Belgium. On 17 December 2015, the children were transferred to the Bangassou Regional Hospital, run by an international non-governmental organization (NGO) and MSF, where their condition got worse. Samples were taken and sent to the Pasteur Institute of Bangui for laboratory testing.
Upon announcement of the outbreak of monkey pox by WHO on 13 January 2016, the CARC and IFRC continued to take part in the crisis meeting co-led by the MoH and WHO on the strategic response plan for this outbreak. As part of the initial response, the CARC, with support from UNICEF provided the following materials at the request of the MoH:
In addition, the Bangassou Red Cross local Committee was part of the provincial response crisis taskforce put in place by the provincial authorities. The MoH requested the CARC, with the support of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), to carry out social mobilisation, communication and epidemiological surveillance activities.
This DREF was replenished by the Canadian Red Cross Society/Government and Netherlands Red Cross/Silent Emergencies Fund. The major donors and partners of the DREF include the Red Cross Societies and governments of Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and the USA, as well as DG ECHO, the UK Department for International Development (DFID) the Medtronic and Zurich Foundations and other corporate and private donors. The IFRC, on behalf of the Central African Red Cross would like to extend its thanks to all partners for their generous contributions to this DREF operation.