Following the Seleka coalition offensive , the security situation in the country remains volatile and unpredictable, rendering humanitarian access challenging and limiting coordinated assessments and response in many parts of the country.
1 Multisectoral needs for highly vulnerable affected populations related to displacement including host communities
The vulnerability analysis conducted by clusters show a correlation betwe en population movement and increased needs in the following sectors: health, WASH, protection, and food security. Armed groups’ activities throughout the country, and recently in the Northwest , continue to cause displacement, destruction of livelihoods , and violation of fundamental human rights. According to last update from UNHCR , and OCHA (September 2013) , it is estimated that about 395,000 IDPs require assistance in health, foods, NFI, WASH , shelter and protection. The latest upsurge of violence in the North west resulted in the displacement of 178,800 people in Ouham prefecture , the worst since the 24 March coup d’état . Fifty per cent of the IDPs are moderately or severely food insecure according to the Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) conduct ed in September 2013.
2 Protection needs related to exactions carried out by armed and non-armed groups
As result of the former Seleka offensive throughout the country in December 2012 and seizure of power on 24 March, sexual and gender - based violence against women and girls, rape, destruction of livelihoods, remains widespread in CAR. Armed groups continue to commit grave violations against children, primarily abductions and forced recruitment . Recent reports from humanitarian organisations and international human right organisations (Amnesty international, HRW) have pointed out the urgent need to provide protection assistance to the population. Sector based needs identified through the vulnerability mapping correspond to prioritised needs in the conflict areas
3 Isolated sectorial crises identified through the vulnerability mapping
Periodical peaks across sectors are likely and require humanitarian attention . In addition , due to the volatile and fragile situation in CAR, urgent action is needed for safeguar ding or restoring livelihoods and assets enabling vulnerable communities to withstand further shocks.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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