Forty percent of Cameroon’s 23.7 million people live below the poverty line and human development indicators remain low. Poverty has a strong regional dimension concentrated in the Far North, North, Adamaoua and East regions.
In Cameroon’s northern regions situated in the Sahelian band, communities are the most deprived as a result of years of successive natural disasters and below average harvests with little means to resist the continuous cycle of shocks and stresses.
The number of people facing food insecurity in Cameroon is estimated at 3.9 million, including 211,000 severely food insecure. The four priority regions of Far North, North, Adamaoua and East account for 2.5 million of food-insecure people (CFSVA 2017). This figure represents 36.7 percent of the total population of these regions.
Stunting is a major public health issue in the northern Cameroon, with levels reaching 40.9 percent in the Far North region, and 38.4 percent in the East region (SMART survey 2017).
The GAM in the four regions is around 5 percent of precarious threshold; (Far North 4.5 percent, North 6.5 percent, Adamaoua 4.5 percent and East 4.8 percent). Far North region accounts for 75 percent of the late-growth children in the four regions surveyed.
WFP has been present in Cameroon since 1978.
• In March, 75 percent of food rations were distributed to 74,869 C.A.R. refugees in camps in the East, Adamaoua and North regions through in-kind and cash transfers modalities. Various food commodities were distributed to 35,205 refugees while 39,664 beneficiaries received the equivalent of their food ration in cash.
• A total of 154,434 children aged 6-59 months were reached with malnutrition prevention activities through the Blanket Supplementary Feeding Platform (BSFP) in the Far North, East and Adamaoua. Nutritional support was provided to 1,628 people living with HIV in the East region.
• In the Far North, 100 percent ration of food (inkind) was distributed to 64,065 beneficiaries including 45,651 Nigerian refugees in the Minawao Camp and 18,384 IDPs. 3,346 IDPs were assisted through cash transfers.
• School meals were distributed to 93,441 children (56.7 percent girls and 43.3 percent boys) from 134 schools in the Logone and Chari, Mayo Sava and Mayo Tsanaga divisions in Far North region. Parents contributed for the school meals of 17,441 children because WFP has planned to assist only 76,000 children due to funding constraint.
• WFP Cameroon organized a one-week training of trainers’ workshop on Community-based Participatory Planning (CBPP) in Ngaoundal, Adamaoua region from 12-17 March 2018. The workshop aimed at training participants on how to identify viable solutions that contribute to render the communities more sustainable and resilient to shocks. In addition to the 27 participants from NGOs, local communities and government, 60 members of the community were provided with a practical and easy-to-use planning tool for the identification of community based projects.
• In March, UNHAS transported 761 passengers, 1.82 mt of light cargo and served 49 organizations. Flight destinations included Ndjamena (Chad). About 89 percent of the total requests received were covered during this month.
• A total of 16,334 mt of assorted food commodities was discharged in the port of Douala in March, while 330 trucks and 79 wagons were mobilized to dispatch 12,538 mt of food to Cameroon, Chad and C.A.R.