WFP responds to challenges in Cameroon through a mix of relief, recovery and development operations. Vital emergency support is provided to refugees from C.A.R and Nigeria, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and vulnerable host populations through two regional emergency operations. WFP is also supporting the Government in the implementation of its development and recovery priorities.
WFP has been present in Cameroon since 1978 as a key player for both development and humanitarian assistance.
Summary of WFP assistance:
Cameroon is simultaneously affected by multiple humanitarian crisis: In addition to pre-existing structural weaknesses and chronic food insecurity, spill over conflict from both Nigeria and Central African Republic (C.A.R.) have resulted in large scale displacements across borders as well as within the country. WFP is responding to the simultaneous crises in Cameroon through the provision of life-saving food and nutrition support to affected populations. Furthermore, to address long-term needs of the most vulnerable populations affected by recurrent food crisis, WFP implements a Country Programme (CP) and a Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO).
Nigeria crisis: WFP aims to provide food and nutrition support to people impacted by the Boko Haram crisis in the Far North region, planning assistance for 299,574 people in 2016, including refugees from Nigeria, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and targeted vulnerable local populations whose access to food has been constrained by the crisis. The nutritional component will be reinforced in 2016 to address critical malnutrition rates.
C.A.R crisis: WFP addresses life-saving food and nutrition needs of refugees who fled conflict in C.A.R. and their hosting populations in the East, Adamawa and North regions of Cameroon. The operation combines food support with robust nutrition programmes aimed at preventing and treating acute malnutrition in children and pregnant and nursing women.
Malnourished individuals living with HIV receive nutritional assistance through the Food by Prescription Programme. In 2016, WFP will introduce cash-based transfer modalities for the first time in Cameroon under the C.A.R. and Nigeria operations.
The PRRO, implemented in the East, Adamawa, North and Far North regions of Cameroon, is reaching longstanding refugees from C.A.R. and local populations to improve their nutritional status and livelihood prospects. The primary focus is on building resilience to enable recovery of individuals affected by recurrent climate related shocks. The operation aims to support 143,173 individuals, however, due to funding constraints activities have not been fully implemented as planned.
The CP aims to promote the resilience of vulnerable communities in northern Cameroon (also affected by Boko Haram conflict) to cope with the effects of recurrent shocks, while promoting primary education and nutrition security.
WFP launched a UNHAS operation in November 2015, to enable humanitarian actor’s safe access to project implementation sites and facilitate the humanitarian response in the Far North and the region. The flights link Maroua,Ngaoundere and Garoua from its base in Yaoundé, as well as Maroua and N’Djamena with support from UNHAS Chad.