Cameroon + 2 more

UNICEF Cameroon Humanitarian Situation Report - January / February 2015



UNICEF continues to be engaged in providing humanitarian response in four regions of Cameroon to respond to the needs of those affected by crises in neighbouring countries (Nigeria and Central African Republic) as well as the nutritional crisis mainly in the Sahel area but also periodic epidemic outbreaks and diseases.

Nigerian emergency response: the humanitarian situation in the Far North region of Cameroon is deteriorating due to the conflict with Boko Haram which results in internal displacements of persons (IDP) and regular influx of Nigerian refugees (respectively 80.000 and 66.000). The Government of Cameroun and the humanitarian community are actively engaged in responding to the increasing humanitarian needs including access to safe water, Education and Child protection.

Central African Republic (CAR) emergency response: Cameroon continues to host more than 216,000 refugees in the East and Adamawa regions. Despite the stabilization of the influx from CAR, both the Government of Cameroun and its partners are still highly mobilized to provide lifesaving assistance to refugees and host populations.

Sahel nutrition response: results of the 2014 nationwide survey using SMART methods indicate that Far North, North and Adamawa have a global acute malnutrition prevalence (GAM) of 9.0%, 6.7% and 5.2% respectively. The Far North region has a prevalence of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) at the emergency threshold of 2.0%. In 2015, 1,289 children with SAM have been admitted in therapeutic care. Nutrition response is channeled through 704 nutrition centers.

Cholera and Ebola preparedness: UNICEF and partners continue to support the Government and the population of Cameroun though preparedness and prevention activities. No cholera cases have been reported in Cameroon during the reported period but 564 cases and 47 deaths of cholera have already been reported in Nigeria, in neighboring states (Kaduna and Kano) with Cameroon.

Challenges: the deterioration of the security in the Far North region significantly restrains the capacity to assist IDPs