UNICEF Cameroon Humanitarian Situation Report, August 2017
In Kolofata, the authorities are relocating all IDPs residing in schools to one site to avail the schools for the upcoming school year. Protection concerns are being raised from the humanitarian communities, particularly with regards to the freedom of movement of these IDPs and their treatment.
UNICEF is embarking on an integrated education and child protection program in Garoua Boulai in the East, which will seek to address the many protection needs of conflict affected children, ranging from the establishment of a protective learning environment to addressing violence against children.
Over the months of July and August, more than 7,100 refugees have crossed the border from CAR to Cameroon. These refugees are arriving into communities that have already been impacted by the 2013-2014 influx, further straining resources.
Situation in Numbers
235,913 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) (DTM 9, July 2017)
59,398 Returnees (DTM 9, July 2017)
90,519 Nigerian Refugees (UNHCR, Cameroon Factsheet, July 2017)
216,617 CAR Refugees in the East and Adamawa regions (UNHCR, Cameroon Factsheet July 2017)
UNICEF Appeal 2017 $ 23,703,305
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
Impact of the Lake Chad Basin Crisis:
The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Round 9 conducted by IOM from June 26 to July 7 captured 235,913 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the Far North region, an increase of 7,470 from 228,443 in Round 8 conducted in May 2017. In addition, it identified 30,278 unregistered refugees, compared to 32,459 in May, and 59,398 returnees, compared to 58,027 in May. The majority of these three population groups continue to be found in Makari, Fotokol and Kousseri in the Logone and Chari department. A registration exercise by UNHCR in Logone and Chari finished in July registering 16,184 refugees. The exercise in the Mayo Tsanaga department has so far registered 2,188 refugees and still ongoing. According to DTM 9, the number of unregistered refugees in Logone and Chari stands at 27,655. This discrepancy may be attributed to different coverage areas as well as divergent methodology.
For the UNICEF response to IDPs in Kolofata, Mayo Sava department, funds are secured for most needs including Health, Child Protection, Nutrition, and Education. WASH remains a gap as it involves medium-term responses, such as rehabilitation of water points and construction of latrines. More response plans are being developed based on assessments conducted in Fotokol, Logone and Chari department on July 26 and Mozogo, Mayo Tsanaga department on August 10 and 22. Some 7,800 IDPs in Fotokol and 387 ex-hostages of Boko Haram including 243 children are in dire need of assistance in WASH, health and Child Protection. In Mozogo, psychosocial activities are ongoing and WHO has provided some medication since the visit took place on August 10; however, gaps remain in Health and WASH in particular.
In Kolofata, the authorities are relocating all IDPs residing in schools to one site to avail the schools for the upcoming school year. Some protection concerns are raised, including the freedom of movement of these IDPs and their treatment. UNICEF will monitor the situation closely.
Impact of the CAR crisis:
The clashes between the Ex-Seleka and the Anti-Balaka in July in the border city of Ngaoundaye in the CAR led to an influx of refugees in the commune of Touboro in the North region. A total of 6,885 individuals (1,817 households), mostly women and children (4,026 children under 18 years of age, or 58% of the total), were pre-registered by UNHCR, mainly in the villages of Mbaiboum, Helbao, Wakassao, Man-Regara, Touboro, Mbodo and Barka Lamou. Since 2014, these communities have received more than 12,000 refugees and their basic services are overstretched. The most recent joint mission composed of the Government, UNHCR, WFP and UNICEF from August 14-17 identified the priority needs as food, Health, Non-Food Items (NFIs) and shelter. The need for protection of many vulnerable children (including unaccompanied children and children without birth certificates) was also identified. NFI needs were already covered by UNHCR while food needs were only partially responded to by WFP.
New refugees in the East (Betare Oya, Garoua Boulai and Kette) and Adamaoua (Ngaoui) regions continue to face many challenges related to their documentation and access to basic social services. They continue to pursue activities that are detrimental to the survival and development of the child, such as the sexual exploitation of adolescent girls or child labor in mines. In Betare Oya, UNHCR undertook a registration process that resulted in 416 registered individuals (223 men and 193 women), of which 53 were in family reunification. Between August 20 and 24, UNHCR confirmed additional 258 new arrivals from CAR in Ngaoui and Alhamdou in Mbere department in Adamaoua.