Regional Humanitarian Update Jul 2007: Vol 1, Issue 6

Report
from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 31 Aug 2007
CROSS BORDER & REGIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

2nd allocation in 2007 from the Central Emergency Response Fund for under funded emergencies.

On the 1st August, the United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator, John Homes, announced an allocation of $ 40 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for life saving interventions in 16 countries. The grant is the second of two annual allocations for under funded emergencies. Of the $ 40 million total, $23 million has been designated for Central Africa Region.

CERF grants to CEA region
from the 2nd under funded
Country
Amount $
DRC
11 million
Kenya
3 million
Ethiopia
3 million
CAR
2.3 million
RoC
1.1 million
Eritrea
1 million
Chad
1 million
Total CEA region
22.4 million

Peace keepers to be deployed in Chad and Central Africa Republic (CAR)

The life of about 236,000 Darfur refugees and 173,000 internally displaced persons in Chad, plus around 10,000 refugees and 212,000 displaced in CAR may change for the better if the proposed EU peace keeping force is deployed as planned.

On 13 August, the UN Secretary-General (SG) recommended to the Security Council a multinational presence in Chad and CAR consisting of troops under EU command, providing security together with a multidimensional UN operation comprising police officers and a civilian component working with local police and gendarmes in eastern Chad and north eastern CAR. No deployment in border areas is foreseen. The SG also recommended a mandate including protection of civilians, protection of UN personnel, deterrence of armed conflict and movement through its presence, and the facilitation of humanitarian assistance. The EU force would operate for an initial 12 months and possible transition to a UN military component would be assessed after six months.

On 27 August, the UN Security Council adopted a presidential statement expressing readiness to authorise the deployments taking into account the positions of Chad and the CAR. The deployment has yet to be confirmed by EU Foreign Ministers, who are scheduled to meet in September. It is expected that France will provide most of the troops but the details of deployment are to be agreed between the EU, the UN and Chad including on the issue of a future transition from EU forces to a UN military component. According the SG's recommendations to the Security Council as reported on the Security Council Report website (www.securitycouncilreport.org), three hundred UN police officers would screen, train, mentor, support and monitor about 850 Chadian gendarmes and police responsible for security in camps and associated areas, which would remain under the overall authority of the Chadian government.

There would be air mobility capacity for the police component, plus the possible deployment of UN formed police units to work with Chadian police and gendarmes. The multidimensional civilian component would play a major oversight role including in coordination, monitoring and human rights dimensions. It is also hoped that there will be coordination between the proposed EU presence, the UN mission in Darfur and regional monitors deployed along the Chad-Sudan border.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.