1. GENERAL OVERVIEW
The humanitarian crisis affecting the North-West and the South-West Regions has a growing impact in the bordering regions of West and Littoral. Since April 2018, there has been a proliferation of non-state armed groups (NSAG) and intensification of confrontations between NSAG and the state armed forces. As of 1st October, an estimated 350,000 people are displaced 246,000 in the South-West and 104,000 in the North-West; with a potential increment due to escalation in hostilities.
An increasing number of families are leaving these regions to take refuge in Littoral and the West Regions following disruption of livelihoods and agricultural activities. Children are particularly affected due to destruction or closure of schools and the “No School” policy ordered by NSAG since 2016.
The situation has considerably evolved in the past three months because of: i) the anticipated security flashpoints (the start of the school year, the “October 1st anniversary” and the elections); ii) the increasing restriction of movement (curfew extended in the North-West, “No Movement Policy” issued by non-state actors; and iii) increase in both official and informal checkpoints.
Consequently, there has been a major increase in the number of people leaving the two regions to seek safety and/or to access economic and educational opportunities. Preliminary findings indicate that IDPs are facing similar difficulties and humanitarian needs than the one reported in the North-West and the South-West regions following the multisectoral needs assessment done in March 2018.
Based on the information received, the most affected divisions are Bamboutos, Menoua and Mifi in the West region; as well as Wouri and Moungo in the Littoral region.