0. MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
An amount of EUR 4,900,000, including EUR 1,900,000 made available by DFID in the framework of the ECHO-DFID partnership PHASE (Providing Humanitarian Aid for Sahel Emergencies) is added to this HIP to reinforce ECHO interventions in response to the consequences of the Boko Haram crisis in Chad and Cameroon.
In the last months, the conflict between national armed forces and Boko Haram has intensified in North-East Nigeria and its neighbouring countries around Lake Chad: Chad, Niger and Cameroon. Entire villages have been burnt, subsistence means have been destroyed, and thousands of civilians have been killed. Continuous incursions of suspected Boko Haram members have resulted in large displacements of population, causing influxes of Nigerian refugees and internal displacements in the affected countries. The crisis has disrupted local economies and households' livelihoods, impacting negatively on the food and nutritional status of the affected populations.
The Far North region of Cameroon hosts currently 62,860 Nigerian refugees and 92,660 internally displaced persons (IDPs) fleeing Boko Haram's attacks. The Lake region of Chad hosts 52,321 IDPs displaced since July 2015 and 11,000 IDPs displaced between January and June 2015, in addition to 11,593 Chadian returnees from Nigeria arrived since January 2015 and 7,868 Nigerian refugees in the Dar-es-Salam camp, arrived since January 2015.
The volatile security situation, with continuous violence on civilian populations and threats on humanitarian workers, has been affecting the delivery of humanitarian assistance, leaving critical gaps still unaddressed. In the Lake region of Chad, access to water, sanitation and hygiene by displaced populations and host communities needs to be improved in view of a growing number of people affected and extremely limited water and sanitation facilities available in the area, exposing people to serious risks of epidemics. Additional food security and livelihood support are critically required in the Far North of Cameroon over the coming months, enabling access to food by the most affected displaced and local populations, while reinforcing their resilience. A specific attention to the protection needs of beneficiaries will need to be integrated in all interventions.
The additional funding will be partly used to extend ongoing actions and/or to support suitable action proposals already received.