Cameroon + 2 more

Humanitarian Action for Children 2016 - Cameroon

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Total affected population: 4.1 million
Total affected children (under 18): 2.3 million
Total people to be reached in 2016: 1.2 million
Total children to be reached in 2016: 600,000

2016 programme targets

Nutrition

  • 59,300 Cameroonian children admitted to programmes for SAM management
  • 4,900 children from the Central African Republic and Nigeria (refugees and host populations) admitted to programmes for the management of acute malnutrition

Health and HIV

  • 119,000 refugee children aged 6 months to 15 years from the Central African Republic and Nigeria vaccinated against measles

WASH

  • 25,000 persons from the Central African Republic accessed sufficient water of appropriate quality and quantity for drinking, cooking and maintaining personal hygiene

  • 15,000 persons from Nigeria received hygiene kits with appropriate hygiene messages

Child protection

  • 4,650 separated and unaccompanied children received appropriate alternative care services

  • 155,000 children benefitted from psychosocial support

Education

  • 87,500 children accessed formal or non- formal basic education (including pre- primary schools and early childhood learning spaces)

Cameroon

Instability in the Central African Republic and the ongoing conflict with Boko Haram have seriously impacted Cameroon. The country is now hosting more than 255,000 refugees from the Central African Republic, 68,000 refugees from Nigeria1 and more than 158,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs).2 These populations are suffering from deteriorating food security, nutrition crises and epidemics, such as cholera and measles, especially in the Far North Region, which demonstrates the lowest development rate in Cameroon. Security constraints are challenging access to vulnerable populations in the Far North Region and in areas close to the border with the Central African Republic. Children are facing serious protection threats, including family separation, exploitation, abuse, arbitrary detention and abduction.

Humanitarian strategy

Working with the Government of Cameroon and humanitarian partners, UNICEF is responding to the urgent needs of conflict-affected and most vulnerable populations. UNICEF is working with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to ensure access to health, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), nutrition, protection and education services for Central African and Nigerian refugees. UNICEF is also working with host communities and providing assistance to internally displaced persons. Improving children’s access to education and protection services is a top priority. In response to the crisis in the Central African Republic, UNICEF is improving sustainable access to social services for both refugees and the Cameroonian population. The integrated management of acute malnutrition and the prevention and treatment of cholera are being supported through supply prepositioning and behaviour change programming. UNICEF is using an integrated approach to strengthening synergies between key sectors and building resilience among vulnerable populations. UNICEF is also supporting the technical coordination groups led by the Government in WASH, education, nutrition and child protection.

Results from 2015

As of 31 October 2015, UNICEF had received 24 per cent (US$9.57 million) of the US$39.9 million 2015 appeal, in addition to US$2.9 million carried forward from 2014. At the end of October 2015, 48,000 children under 5 years suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM), including 4,300 refugees from the Central African Republic and Nigeria, had been admitted to nutrition centres, and 11,600 had received a WASH kit with key hygiene messages. Nearly 227,000 children, including 83,436 children from the Central African Republic, were vaccinated against measles. UNICEF also provided psychosocial support to nearly 52,000 refugee and displaced children and assisted the reunification or placement in alternative care of almost 3,300 unaccompanied and separated children. UNICEF provided teaching and learning supplies to more than 67,300 refugees and displaced children. Lack of funding and challenges accessing vulnerable populations constrained the achievement of expected WASH and nutrition results.