Floods in Central and East Africa - OCHA Regional Update No. 2

from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 19 Sep 2007

The latest wave of flooding brings the total of those directly affected to over 550,000, with at least 136,000 directly affected by the latest wave of floods. These people have either partial or total loss of their homes, as well as food stocks and essential household supplies.

Most of the damage is located in the state of Southern Kordofan, east of South Darfur. At least 11,000 homes were totally destroyed in this area, leaving at least 55,000 homeless. Twenty-six people have died and 65 have been injured. The damage to the local livelihoods and economy is substantial, with over 13,000 livestock perished.

As a result of strategic planning the United Nations and partners are reasonably able to respond to the newly displaced. The United Nations is providing clean water across northern Sudan to 2.2 million people, as a preventive measure against water borne disease, mainly through chlorination.

On 28 August, the United Nations launched a 'Flash Appeal', requesting US$ 20.2m to fund the response. The appeal cited total requirements of $ 34.7m, of which 13.5 had been met by pooled funds such as the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) and Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF). A total of $5.8 million has been received so far, the main donors being Norway and the United States of America (USA). In addition, the European Commission Humanitarian Office (ECHO) has pledged US$ 549,400. (OCHA Sudan, 19 Sept)


Unusually heavy rainfalls since July 2007 has led to flooding across eastern and northern Uganda affecting some 50,000 households or approximately 300,000 people. The number of affected will surely increase as assessments are completed. It is reported that many traditional mud bricks houses have collapsed and tens of thousands have been displaced seeking shelter with relatives, in IDP camps which some have just left or in schools and health centres.

Immediate needs are most critical in the Teso sub-region, particularly in Katakwi and Amuria districts where some 10,000 households (50,000 people) have been displaced. Many areas have been cut off overland, necessitating air and boat operations for assessment and relief delivery. More than 50 percent of families have lost 90 percent of their crops, whilst the planting of the second season crops has been delayed and the next harvest is not expected until after February 2008.

The humanitarian response is focused on Teso region where needs are most critical and the fewest actors have had presence on the ground. The humanitarian community is developing a Flash Appeal for the Uganda Floods, which is expected to be launched on 21st September. In addition, on 19 september WFP in Uganda appealed for US$ 64.6 million to feed 1.7 million people including refugees, people displaced by civil war and those who are giong hungry due to recent flooding. (OCHA Uganda, 18 Sept; Reuters, 19 Sept)


An estimated 183,255 people have been affected by floods this year, 41,660 are displaced in Amhara, Afar, Gambella, SNNP, and Tigray regions and 17 have been killed. An estimated 4,023 livestock have been killed and 37,424 hectres of crops have been damaged during floods.

Food and non-food assistance and coordination support are being provided to the affected population by Government and Humaniterian Parnters. A Government assessment team is presently in the flood affected woredas of Afar region.

Ethiopia has received $10m CERF Under Funded Emergencies allocations in 2007 some of which are being used address flood needs. In addition, Humanitarian Response Funds (HRF) has pledged $2m to address flood emergencies, proposals from FHI, CARE, WVE, FAO and OXFAM-GB are under discussion. (OCHA, 18 Sept)


The Kenya Red Cross has reported at least 20,000 people are affected by flooding in Budalangi, Busia district, Western Kenya. Some 832 families have taken refuge in the four IDP camps. Continued rainfall, that started in August, has led to renewed and worsening floods along the Nzoia River which cuts across several districts.

Since the onset of floods the Government has responded and relief delivered is sufficient, with the exception of shelter material. Air drops of food are ongoing by the National Disaster Operations Centre & the Kenyan Defence Forces. UNICEF, WHO and OCHA are considering a joint assessment to identify gaps in the response in cooperation with the Government and aid agencies. (OCHA Kenya, 18 Sept)


Floods have affected Rubrau and Nyabihu districts in the North Western Province since 12 September. An estimated 1,020 families or 7,000 people have been displaced and 1,020 houses destroyed or seriously damaged. At least 15 people have died. An estimated 1,896 ha of crops have been destroyed.

A preliminarily assessment highlights need for food assistance in the coming six months until the next harvest. An inter-agency assessment mission to the affected areas is planned this week and will include government line ministries. The local Red Cross is responding to some immediate needs. (WFP, 18 Sept)


Heavy rains have been falling in Bangui and in Bossangoa towns since July and are forecasted to continue into October. Floods have affected 5,397 persons in Bangui, including 1812 homeless people from 225 houses completely destroyed. (CAR Red Cross, 12 Sept)


A moderate risk of floods continues on the lower reaches of the Shabelle River with possible localised flooding. The current high water level of the Shabelle is due to rains in the Ethiopian highlands. There is concern for more floods once the regular Deyr rains begin in October. (FAO/SWALIM, 18 Sept; Somalia Flood Working Group, 18 Sept; OCHA Somalia,18 Sept)


There are no new flood threats since the August rains that caused floods in the east and south.


There are no new updates since the August IFRC report.


No reports of floods since July.

MAP: Floods in Central and East Africa, Update No.2 (as of 19 Sep 2007)

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