Cameroon: Population Movements - Emergency appeal preliminary final report, Operation n°: MDRCM015
Following the advent of President Michel Djotodia at the helm of the Central African Republic (CAR) and the ensuing armed clashes that pitted various militias, atrocities were committed by both parties to the conflict. This led to a major humanitarian crisis which began in May 2013, causing the displacement of thousands of CAR nationals. They moved into neighbouring countries such as the Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Chad and Cameroon. This Emergency Appeal was launched on 3 September 2013 to assist some 6,500 beneficiaries (1,500 families) for six months, including some 5,000 Nigerian refugees (1,000 families) in the Far North Region of Cameroon and 1,500 refugees (500 families) from the Central African Republic (CAR) in the East Region of Cameroon.
Operations update 1 was published on 30 September 2013, while the operations update 2, published on 31 October 2013, revised the objectives of the operation to focus solely on CAR refugees in the East Region of Cameroon. A revised emergency appeal issued on 17 December 2013 reflected discussions with partners and the resulting activities to be implemented. It intended to provide assistance to 3,200 CAR refugees (anticipating new arrivals) and some 1,000 Cameroonian host families. It focused on providing semi-permanent shelters and such, resulted in an increase in the budget from CHF 456,541 to CHF 642,579. The timeframe was extended for three months and the operation was expected to end on 31 May 2014.
A six-month operation update report was issued on 2 June 2014 to report on progress of the operation and was issued based on massive CAR refugee arrivals in the eastern part of Cameroon, since the beginning of February 2014. Coordination meetings with UNHCR led to a revision of the Emergency Appeal Plan of Action in order to assist up to 26,600 refugees on 4 refugee sites (Guiwa- Yangamo, Mbile, Lolo and Gado) by providing semi-permanent shelters, emergency shelters, solar lamps, hygiene kits, latrines, hygiene promotion, Community-based health and first-aid (CBHFA) program, psychological support, restoration of family links (RFL) and support to unaccompanied children. The timeframe was further extended by 6 months until 30 November 2014. A 12-month update that captured ground covered during the first 12 months of the operation and highlighted an increase in the number of refugees: 812 in Guiwa Yangamo, 10,471 in Lolo, 9,491 in Mbilé and 18,783 in Gado, making a total of 39, 557, according to UNHCR figures, was also issued. Consequently the operation timeframe was extended by 1 month to 31 December, 2014 to allowed for the finalisation of pending activities as well as closure of the operation. It should be noted that heavy rainfall and security concerns mostly hampered the smooth running of the operation, especially regarding semi-permanent shelters.