The International Organization for Migration (IOM) developed a displacement tracking system, the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) to track and monitor displacement and population mobility.
DTM’s tools gather information on various levels and of various kinds, including information on where displacements occur, why they occur, the length of displacement, and the conditions of migrants and internally displaced individuals both on site and in transit. This information is shared with relevant stakeholders, including humanitarian and government actors, to enhance understanding of movements of population and of affected peoples’ needs.
This report aims to provide an overview of the situation in Cameroon’s Far North region, where displacements are primarily caused by insecurity (largely due to acts of violent extremist groups) and, to a lesser extent, climatic phenomena. The information presented in this report was collected directly from displaced populations in the region in close collaboration with local and national authorities between 3 and 15 September 2018.
The displaced population is estimated at 387,035 individuals: 244,347 internally displaced people (IDPs), 41,763 out of camp refugees and 100,925 returnees.
806 villages were assessed, including 4 new villages. 66 of the villages assessed are no longer hosting persons of concern.
94.4% of the target population is displaced due to the armed conflict in the region.
5.3% of the target population is displaced due to flooding and other climatic factors. Less than 1% of the displacements are due to other non-specified reasons.
50% of the displaced population is comprised of men and boys.
50% of the displaced population is comprised of women and girls.
65% of the target population is aged 0-18 years old. 3% of the target population is aged 60 years or older.
43% of displaced households live with host families, 23% live in spontaneous sites, 18% returned to their original dwelling, 12% live in rented homes, 4% live in privately owned homes, 1% live in collective shelters.
The number of returnees has increased by 9% to 100,925 individuals.
The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) has decreased by 7% to 244,347 individuals.
The number of out of camp refugees has increased by 6% to 41,763 individuals