Bulletin Humanitaire Cameroun Numéro 12 | Septembre – Novembre 2019 [EN/FR]
• Plus de 40 000 personnes directement affectées par les inondations à l’Extrême-Nord. Plus de 20 000 ont été touchées dans le département du Logone-etChari uniquement.
• 2 549 réfugiés de la République Centrafricaine rapatriés dans leur pays d’origine, parmi 6 350 ayant exprimé leur souhait de rentrer en fin aout 2019.
• L’amélioration de la sécurité alimentaire des victimes de la crise dans les régions du Nord-Ouest/SudOuest : Le ‘Success Story’ de la FAO.
• LUKMEF’s Hope project for GBV victims of the crisis in the North West and South West Regions.
4,3M Personnes dans le besoin
2,3M Personnes ciblées
922K Personnes déplacées internes
299M Financement requis
Une réponse d’urgence déployée face aux inondations à l’Extrême-Nord du Cameroun : Exemple de Solidarités International
Les pluies diluviennes qui se sont abattues ces derniers mois à l’ExtrêmeNord du Cameroun ont provoqué de fortes inondations. Dans les zones affectées, les habitations, les quelques biens matériels et les moyens de subsistance des populations sinistrées, ont été engloutis par les eaux.
Face aux besoins importants de ces populations, une réponse d’urgence a été lancée par des partenaires humanitaires parmi lesquels SOLIDARITES INTERNATIONAL (SI).
A l’Extrême-Nord, plus de 40 000 personnes ont été directement affectées par les inondations. Plus de 20 000 ont été touchées dans le département du Logone-et-Chari, où SI intervient depuis 2017 dans le cadre de la réponse à la crise provoquée par les incursions répétées de Boko Haram. Seul moyen pour nos équipes de rejoindre les zones sinistrées et d’acheminer l’aide prévue : utiliser des pirogues à pagaies ou à moteur.
LUKMEF’s interventions to manage the GBV related consequences of the crisis in the NWSW
The Anglophone crisis has been affecting the North West and South West regions of the country for three years. In early 2018, it also became a humanitarian crisis that displaced hundreds of thousands of people, most of them women and children.
The ongoing conflict has clear effects on the Gender-Based Violence (GBV) landscape of the crisis. We were honoured to be a GBV service provider before the crisis, and our efforts have only intensified since then. We at LUKMEF can say without any doubt that GBV has been consistently on the rise in all its forms since early 2018. The average number of cases reported in a week has moved from 7 to 10.
The current environment, where more than 480,000 persons are displaced in the North-West and South-West has had damaging consequences in family structure, that directly cause gender-based violence, namely:
Men are dead, on the run, or have joined the armed groups; many others are displaced with their families, and separate from them as a mitigating strategy. They leave their families in the forest, and go to town to look for opportunities, or the other way around, stay in the village, facing the constant raids of the military and the cohabitation with the armed groups, while they send their families to the urban centres. As a consequence, the number of households headed by women has dramatically increased. Women have to take care of all their children and dependent family members and see themselves in a new environment without much of a social safety net. Sex for money and abuse has increased consistently in the urban centres of the North-West, the South-West, the Littoral and the West.
Violence within the family has increased as a result of unemployment. The women are now the ones providing. The frustration and idleness of the men has increased the likelihood of domestic violence all over the two regions.
To meet the needs of these women and girls survivors of GBV, a number of activities have been carried out with support from international organisation such UNFPA, UNWOMEN, UNICEF, CARE International and a host of others. Some of these activities are:
Identifying GBV cases and providing them with a comprehensive response package including Health, Legal, Psycosocial support etc. in the South West and North West;
• Provision of rapid income generating activities and start-up capital for survivors in the South West;
• Distribution of Mama and dignity kits to women and girls affected by the crisis in the South West and North West.
• The creation of a temporal shelter home for survivors with the need for shelter and other services in the South West.
• Awareness raising on GBV, Sexual and Reproductive Health, HIV and other Sexually Transmissible Infections.
Awareness raising activities are geared towards having people in the communities know where they can access various services, in the south West and North West.
• A referral pathway has been produced and is being distributed in the communities though it does not carry enough information on service providers in areas like Lebialem which are hugely affected.
• A mobile clinic has also been set up which gets into the bushes to deliver services to the population especially women and children in the South West and the North West.
Those benefiting from these services offered by LUKMEF are survivors and other vulnerable people identified within the framework of the interventions. A total of about 4,348 women and girls have been reached through our interventions with most of them being above 18 years of age. These beneficiaries are identified through a validated vulnerability criteria, which is approved by the agency in question.
The 4,348 women and girls supported so far do not even constitute half of the number of women and girls affected as a result of the conflict. There is therefore a need to mobilise more resources to meet with the pressing needs of these women and girls.