Cambodia

Floods Response Plan Cambodia 2020 (For the period Nov 2020 – April 2021)

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KEY FIGURES

PEOPLE AFFECTED BY FLOODING: 800K

PROVINCES AFFECTED: 19

PEOPLE IN NEED OF ASSISTANCE: 388K

PEOPLE TARGETED FOR ASSISTANCE: 237K (52,861 HH)

FUNDING REQUESTED (US$): $9.43M

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES

i. Provide life-saving assistance and protection to people affected by the storms and flooding and re-establish access to basic services.

ii. Provide multi-sector assistance to the most vulnerable groups, including displace people, vulnerable children and other groups

iii. Support the restoration of livelihoods and self-reliance.

iv. Deliver assistance in a manner that mitigates the risk of COVID19 for disaster-affected people.

SITUATION OVERVIEW

Since the beginning of October, Cambodia has been experiencing heavy rainfall as a result of multiple tropical storms that have crossed into Cambodia after making landfall in Viet Nam that has led to widespread flooding across 19 provinces.

As of 28 October, 42 people are known to have died. According to data from the Government, more than 2 million people have been exposed to flooding and some 800,000 people have been directly affected. Of these, an estimated 388,000 people with pre-existing vulnerabilities (households classified as IDPoor) prior to the disaster and are in need of humanitarian assistance (calculated through geospatial analysis of the satellite-based flood extent layer with the location of each IDPoor household). According to the Provincial Committees for Disaster Management, the most severely affected provinces are Battambang, Banteay Meanchey, Pursat, Kompong Speu and Kampong Thom in central and western Cambodia.

As a result of the succession of storms and subsequent flooding, more than 161,500 houses have been damaged.
Because of damage to their houses, some 14,300 households were evacuated to safe sites, evacuation centres or in some cases in informal sites where they are sheltering in tents or under plastic sheeting. The Royal Government of Cambodia has provided an immediate food assistance response including the provision of 1200MT of rice to flood affected households and planned livelihoods recovery support. Other immediate responders included the Cambodian Red Cross as well as UN and NGO partners.

Despite this first line response, there remain gaps in the ability of poor affected households to meet essential food and nutrition, shelter, water and sanitation, health and other needs for the most vulnerable 53,000 households. Between 19 and 21 October, a Joint Government-UNNGO assessment was conducted in six flood-affected provinces; Battambang, Banteay, Meanchey, Pursat, Pailin, Phnom Penh and Kandal. According to the findings of the Joint Assessment, key needs include access to clean water, sanitation facilities and hygiene items, food especially for children under five, essential items for those whose houses have been damaged or destroyed including mosquito nets, blankets and tarpaulins, access to education supplies and temporary learning spaces, and assistance to restart livelihood activities.
As a result of the storms and floods, over 175,000 households have had their livelihoods impacted and 329,000 hectares of agricultural land has been damaged. Food and nutrition needs have been assessed as critical with 89,152 of the most vulnerable households across 14 provinces requiring food assistance and livelihoods recovery support.

Key infrastructure including roads and bridges have also been damaged, hampering the delivery of assistance.
Access to health as been disrupted with 66 health care facilities and six hospitals have affected although only one has been seriously damaged requiring evacuation of patients and relocation of medical equipment. In addition, 950 recently reopened schools have been affected by the floods, with at least six schools being used as temporary evacuation shelters. Other damage to facilities has concerns about protection of vulnerable populations, with the welfare of 1,640 children in 48 residential care institutions and the population of two prisons who have been moved to other prisons and where there is now overcrowding being of urgent concern.

Cambodia is one of most heavily contaminated countries in the world, with landmines, cluster munitions and other unexploded weapons affecting the country. The floods have raised the possibility that unexploded ordnance and landmines will have become dislodged while their safe removal is being hampered due to the inaccessibility of some areas, increasing the risk of landmine and UXO incidents. Five requests for UXO removal have already been responded to so far.

The COVID-19 outbreak is well controlled in Cambodia. As 02 November, Cambodia has not reported any community transmission cases of COVID-19 since April. However, the situation remains dynamic and the possibility of an introduction of COVID-19 cannot be ignored. In the context of the ongoing disaster, with the local health care system damaged, and local authorities and affected population focused on the flood response, maintaining prevention measures to COVID-19 must also be prioritised. COVID-19 is also compounding existing vulnerabilities which will be further increased as a result of the current flooding. Despite the rapid response from the Government and partners, due to the scale of the disaster, further support is needed to scale up the response, including immediate humanitarian assistance as well as longer term support to restore access to basic services and rebuild the livelihoods of affected people.

The Cambodia Flood Response Plan 2020 aims to target the needs of approximately 237,000 flood-affected people over the period of 6 months. It has been developed by the Humanitarian Response Forum and Sectors in Cambodia in consultation with the Resident Coordinator and the Government. It aims to identify those critical response priorities to be covered by UN agencies, NGOs and the Red Cross in order to augment the wider Government response.
The Response Plan will consider both the immediate humanitarian needs and early recovery activities, which are integrated through all Sector plans. Sectors involved in the plan have worked in close coordination with each other to ensure that priority activities in this plan have the most significant impact on the lives of the most vulnerable people.
The Humanitarian Response Forum released six flood situation reports between 12-26 October. These are available here: https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/en /operations/cambodia/documents