The International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross and Red Crescent response to emergencies. The DREF is a vital part of the International Federation's disaster response system and increases the ability of national societies to respond to disasters.
CHF 50,000 (USD 48,335 or EUR 33,146) has been allocated from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support Cambodian Red Cross in delivering immediate assistance to some 1,094 families (9,700 people). Unearmarked funds to repay DREF are encouraged.
Summary: On Tuesday, 29 September, around 17:00, Typhoon Ketsana struck central and northern Cambodia. According to news received directly from the field on Thursday, 1 October 2009, several provinces have been affected, including Kampong Cham, Kampong Thom, Preah Vihear, Siem Reap, Stung Treng, Mondulkiri and Rattanakiri. The Cambodian Red Cross (CRC) national headquarters has received regular situation reports collected by community leaders and Red Cross volunteers at provincial and district levels.
Response to the urgent needs of those affected was immediately organized by the national society, using its own material, financial and human resources. It also obtained significant support from the Danish, French, German and Swiss Red Cross societies. Other partner societies are in discussion with the CRC leadership to support this operation in coordination with the International Federation. In addition, the German Embassy in Cambodia has donated 250 ceramic water filters which have been transported and distributed in Preah Vihear.
This operation is expected to be implemented over three months, and will therefore be completed by 6 January 2010; a final report will be made available three months after the end of the operation, by 5 April 2010.
Following the destruction wreaked across the Philippines and Viet Nam, Typhoon Ketsana continued towards the northwest, subsequently striking Cambodia and Lao PDR. The typhoon hit the northern and eastern parts of Cambodia on the evening of Tuesday, 29 September, causing havoc. The most affected provinces are Kampong Thom, Preah Vihear, Siem Reap, Stung Treng, Mondulkiri and Rattanakiri.
The central province of Kampong Thom has, to date, been the hardest hit. Water levels have risen 0.03m since 2 October and heavy rain continues. Up to 1,014 families have been displaced, and at least 100 homes have been destroyed with 39 in Sandan district, 45 in Baray, 15 in Santouk, two in Balang and two in Sambo. In Prasat Sambo, 453 families have been displaced with 43 houses flooded. In the Stung Sen district, three communes have been flooded resulting in 60 houses underwater and 60 families displaced.
In Preah Vihear province, four districts have been affected of which Chhey Sen is the worst hit. The toll of displaced families has risen to 2,182 with 1,545 families in the Chhey Sen district alone. Damage caused to rice fields and farmlands is still being assessed. Two other districts have also been found affected are Preah Vihear district with 472 displaced families and Roveang with 165.
In Rattanakiri, the districts of Ondoung Meas, Lum Phat, Veun Say, Ta Veng and O Yadao were swamped with the rise in water level of the Sesan River. Up to 7,005 families (or 31,358 people) have been affected with 777 houses submerged, 13 washed away, and 860 families displaced. At least 6,000 hectares of rice fields and farmlands are under water.
Rapid evacuation of families has been managed by district and commune leaders and on an impromptu basis by village community members. To date, there have been three reported deaths and one incidence of serious injury. While elevated water levels of Tonle Sre Pork have affected 7,577 families (or 34,299 people), there have been no reports of death or damage as yet. In Mondulkiri, four districts have been affected, with 404 families displaced while in Strung Treng province, early warning of rising water levels on late Friday, 2 October allowed families to prepare for flight to safer ground. At present, 200 families are being relocated.
In Siem Reap province, the Sot Nikum district suffered a battering that destroyed 50 houses and caused one death and five injured in Angkor Thom district where eight houses were destroyed. Field assessments continue and regular information is constantly being provided by the CRC provincial branches.